Brief History

The Department was set up in October, 1970 with Ten (10) students offering NCE courses and Three (3) academic staff. From October, 1970 to October 1990, the department operated a three term system with examination conducted at the end of each term. From October, 1990 to date, the department has (in line with the rest of the colleges of educations and universities) been operating a two semester system. Final examinations are held at the end of each semester.

The student’s enrolment has risen from 35 in 1977 to 2068 in 2014/2015 session. The staff strength also rose from 3 in 1977 to 20 in 2005. Presently the total number of Academic staff in the department is 25.      

Geography can be combined with Economics, History, Islamic Studies, Social Studies, etc.

Facilities in the Department

          The Department has the following facilities:

  1. Geography Laboratory: This fairly equipped and meant for both theoretical and practical purposes.
  2. Weather Station: It is meant for monitoring weather conditions on daily basis and exposing students to weather reading techniques.


The geography programme aims at studying the earth, including the activities of man. The study involves descriptive, interpretative, and analytical techniques of looking at geographical phenomena. The phenomena, whether physical, human or environmental are increasingly becoming significant in the planning and management of land and its resources upon which man depends. Consequently, the philosophy of the geography programme is to create an opportunity for prospective modern geography student teacher to:

  1.  learn and develop new descriptive, interpretative, and analytical techniques of studying the earth and activities of man;
  2.  develop practical skills and methodologies of understanding geographical features, phenomena, and processes;
  3. search for explanations in geography, such as why certain processes behave in the way they do;
  4. develop skills to impart geographical knowledge or information with a view to inculcate better perception of geography and at the same time to promote the learning and teaching of the discipline;
  5.  undertake (i) to (iv) above along national aspirations and goals as may be enshrined in the National Policy on Education.


  1. To develop in the student teachers appropriate skills in the teaching of geography at the primary and post primary levels, using modern tools and methods;
  2. To develop and promote the use of basic skills and methods of practical work, both in the field and in the laboratory, so as to explore new frontiers through better initiatives, independent thinking, and group participation in the determination of geographical phenomena;
  3. To try to give an understanding and or account of the spatial distribution of the earth’s resources and to take appropriate measures for the sustainable management of the resources by man; thereby promoting Education for self reliance
  4. To seek to provide an explanation for the understanding of the spatial distribution and variability of the earth’s physical and cultural features and processes. To also determine the extent to which man exercises influence over these features and processes;
  5. To develop in the student teachers skills of learning basic techniques of carrying out map interpretation and analysis, basic land and air surveys, field and laboratory methods, and to adapt to the use of modern tools and equipment including information technology.
  6.  To seek and provide possible succour to victims of physical hazards.


a) General

  1. A Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSC) /NECO or G.C.E >O’ Level with passes in four subjects including English Language and Mathematics which must be at credit level in the same sitting or at two sittings. Three of the credits must be in Geography, English and Mathematics.
  2.  A Grade II Teacher’s Certificate (TC II) with credits or merit in four subjects two of which must be relevant to the course the candidate wishes to offer. Credit/merit in English Language and mathematics are additional requirements.
  3. For candidates wishing to offer courses in Vocational and Technical Education, RSA or City and Guild Intermediate Certificate with the Federal Craft Training Certificate with Credit/Merit in at least four subjects may be acceptable qualification.
  4. Successful candidates in the Pre-NCE final examinations should regularise their admission with JAMB.
  5. All candidates wishing to be considered for admission must enroll for and write the selection examination organised by an accredited body such as JAMB excluding those admitted through Pre-NCE admission. There should be a selection interview for all the candidates.

Courses offered in the Department

          Prior to 1991 when the Department was affiliated to the NCCE Programmes, it ran the following courses: Physical Geography; Human Geography; Regional Geography; Methodology of Geography and Geography Practical. However, with the Department’s affiliation with the NCCE Programmes, these areas were fragmented into Units and modernised and in some cases eliminated and new ones introduced. For brevity, below is the list of the courses offered by the Department.


First Semester

S/No. Code Title Credit Status
1 GOE 111 The Earth in Relation to the Sun 2 C
2 GEO 112 Map Reading and Interpretation 2 C
3 GEO 113 Geomorphology 2 C
4 GEO 114 Local Geography 2 C
    TOTAL 8 Units


Second Semester

  GEO 121 Climatology 2 C
  GEO 122 Biogeography 2 C
  GEO 123 Man and his Environment 1 C
    TOTAL 5 Units


First Semester

  GEO 211 Regional Geography of Nigeria 2 C
  GEO 212 Introduction to NERDC National Curriculum for Geography 1 C
  GEO 213 Population Geography 1 C
  GEO 214 Settlement Geography 1 C
  GEO 215 Geographic Thought and the Development of Geography in Nigeria. 2 C
    TOTAL 7 Units


Second Semester

  GEO 221 Practicum of NERDC National Curriculum (Geography) 2 C
  GEO 222 Research Methods in Geography 1 C
  GEO 223 Regional Geography of West Africa 1 C
  GEO 224 Field work in Geography 2 C
    TOTAL 6 Units


First Semester

  EDU 311 Teaching Practice 6 C
  EDU 323 Project 2 C


Second Semester

  GEO 321 Regional Geography of Africa 1 C
  GEO 322 Resources of Developing Regions Outside Africa 1 E
  GEO 323 Political Geography 1 E
  GEO 324 Economic Geography 1 C
  GEO 325 Geography of the Developed World 2 C
  GEO 326 Elementary Land Survey 1 C
    TOTAL 6 Units

Minimum Credits Required for graduation in Geography

Education courses                             30 Credits.

General Studies courses                    18 Credit’s.

Teaching Practice                    6 Credits.

Geography courses                           32 Credits.

Second teaching subject                    32 Credits

TOTAL                                  118 Credits


GEO 111 The Earth in Relation to the Sun (2 Credits) C

− The Earth as a member of the solar system

− The size, shape, position and posture of the Earth (including the significance thereof)

− Spatial and temporal distribution of solar radiation and its effects on global climatic and geomorphological processes.

− Effects of latitudes on weather and climate

− Longtitudes and variations in local times

− Importance of latitude and longitude in the determination and location of places and − Features on the earth’s surface

− Latitude and distance calculation.

GEO 112 Map Reading and Interpretation (2 Credits) C

− Types of maps and marginal information including conventional signs.

− Map scales:- Types of scales, conversion of scales, application of scales including calculation of irregular areas.

− Map Reproduction: Enlargement and reduction, and their scale implications.

− Location of places on maps (Atlas and Topographical maps), the use of compasses, bearings, grid references in the location of features on maps.

− Representation of features of topographical maps.

 Physical features: Relief, drainage and vegetation;

 Cultural features: Settlements and communications, types and spatial distributions.

 Description and interpretation of features on topographical maps:

– Physical features: Identification and description of relief forms, types of drainage and their area extent.

– types and density of vegetation.

Description and interpretation of cultural features, i.e. land use represented on topographical maps, settlements and line of communications.

Relationship between relief and drainage and cultural features such as influence of relief and drainage on settlement and transport.

Note: practical aspects should be demonstrated and students should carry out Practical exercises.

GEO 113 Geomorphology (2 Credits) C

Composition and structure of the earth’s crust:

− Types of rocks (formation, characteristics and their economic importance)

− Endogenic processes – i.e. folding, faulting, igneous intrusion, – volcanicity

− Exogenic processes – i.e. weathering, mass movement, fluvial processes, including development of drainage network characteristics, aeolin processes, coastal erosion and sedimentation.

− Impact of Population and geomorphic process on the environment..

GEO 114 Local Geography (2 Credits) C

The course is essentially the study of the geography of the immediate locality within which the institution is located.

The focus is on:

− Historical evolution of the settlement

− Growth and development of the settlement

− Landforms, hydrology, soils, weather, climate and vegetation

− Layout of the locality

− Land use and human activities

− Settlement crisis and prospects of control and management

GEO 121 Climatology (2 Credits) C

Composition and structure of the atmosphere (heat distribution) – Vertical (i.e. identify variations in the elements of the atmosphere at each level).

Understanding the elements and factors of weather and climate.

Pressure systems – types and distribution, patterns and factors influencing them.

Planatary systems – wind, air masses, and their origin and influence on weather and climate. Relevant examples worldwide and local to illustrate.

The concept of climatic regions and their classification into types based on their characteristics e.g. perspiration, wind, and temperature.

Kopen’s classification

Case studies of local climate, using a nearby well established meteorological data source from some stations including actual reading of weather instruments and recording such readings.

Climate and Human activities: climate, land and settlement, climate and land use.

GEO 122 Biogeography (2 Credits) C

The concept of biogeography defined. The scope of biogeography.

Soils – types, Composition and factors of formation

Properties of soils

The concept of soil profile and horizons

World major classification of soils – zonal, azonal and intra-zonal soils.

Plant structure, growth, successions and community.

Vegetation Adaptation

Ecological structure, components and their relationships.

Food chain including water cycling.

Factors influencing development of plant communities

World major vegetation types, characteristics and distributions.

Soil erosion, degradation and soil conservation

Vegetal resources and conservation

Case studies of both local soils and vegetation.

GEO 123 Man and His Environment (1 Credit) C

− The definition, scope and classification of environment

− Land and agricultural systems

− Environmental balance and intervention in the natural environment

− Environmental perception and philosophy

− Environmental hazards in Nigeria (Soil Erosion, Drought, Desert Encroachment, floodings, oil spillage and pollution). Causes, effects and management in Nigeria and other countries.

− Environmental Laws and Policies (global and within the country)

− Environmental education and decision Making

GEO 211 Regional Geography of Nigeria (2 Credits) C

The course adopts a regional approach to the study of the spatial variations and distribution of physical and cultural features in Nigeria. The course therefore deals with the elements of the physical environment, such as relief and landforms, vegetation, climate, drainage and hydrology, soils, and geological formations. How these combine to characterise some distinct ecological zones that can be called regions with peculiar characteristics. The cultural feature like population (age, sex, characteristics, census and vital registration). Settlement, transport, agriculture, mining, commerce and industry are also discussed and compared. The role of these in interregional dependence and national development should be emphasised.

GEO 212 Introduction To NERDC National Curriculum for Geography

(1 Credit) C

An analysis of NERDC National Curriculum for Geography with special focus on:

− Geography as a School subject; its position in the National Philosophy of Education.

− Geography Syllabus, its preparation as scheme of work and lesson notes.

− The relevance of and methods of carrying out teaching, practical, tutorials, seminar and field studies in geography as recommended by NERDC.

− Approaches to the teaching of geography, such as the use of models, quantitative techniques, topical and systematic approaches as stated in the NERDC curriculum.

− The geography teacher and geography classroom, running a weather station, collection and development of geological samples; their display identifications and application of audio visual materials in the teaching of geography form part of this course. Professional qualifications, the Geography Room; Acquiring and making improvising and using Instructional Resource Materials and their management.

GEO 213 Population Geography (1 Credit) C

Census and Vital Statistics – i.e. Head-counts; their importance to national planning and development. Population dynamics fertility, mortality, migration.

Evolution and Population growth, i.e. historical transition and natural increase, composition and structure of population.

World Population trend: Spatial distribution (Movement, especially Inter-regional migrations and their attendant problems). Implications of population growth on national development.

GEO 214 Settlement Geography (1 Credit) C

Settlements: distribution, growth and their functions. Patterns of settlement, distribution, growth and development.

Contemporary issues, in settlement studies especially rural-urban migration. Urban problems e.g. congestion, pollution, crimes etc classification and composition of labour force. Factors affecting Labour Force.

GEO 215 Geographic Thought and Development of Geography in Nigeria (2 Credits) C

– Simple historical development of the discipline and its relationship with other related disciplines.

– Major contributions of scholars using schools of thought:

A) Environmental Determinism B) Possibilism C) Dualism  D)  Radicalism E)  Probabilism etc.  F)  Development of branches of Geography as a discipline:  G)  Social Science (i.e. cultural geography, political geography H) Sciences (i.e. geomorphology, biogeography, climatology, hydrology). I)  Environmental Science (ie. conservation and use of land and its resources).  J)  The development of Geography in Nigeria K) The recency of Geography as a discipline L)   Current developments in geography and challenges  M)  The development of thoughts in population Geography  N)  Medical geography and Population Education in Nigeria.

GEO 221 Practicum of NERDC National Curriculum (GEO) (2 credits)

This course exposes students to the practical use of NERDC National Curriculum for Geography in the real classroom situation.

Note: This course has to be taken before students are sent out for teaching practice. Students are expected to develop a scheme of work for a term, develop lesson plans from the scheme of work and teach the topic to his/her peer under classroom situation.

GEO 222 Research Method in Geography (1 Credit) C

Data sampling and collection techniques, simple processing and analysis of Geographic information, using totals, percentages, mode, median and mean. T/test standard deviation and coefficient of variability. Rank order correlation and product moment correlation. Presentation of Geographic information in graphic forms, i.e. using Histograms, Pie-Charts, Chloropleth and in tabular forms.

GEO 223 Regional Geography of West Africa (1 Credit) C

– Distribution and Characteristics of major elements of the physical environment in West Africa.

 The bedrock structure and Associated Relief Forms as mineral resource base.

 Drainage and climate as water resource base.

 Soil and vegetation as crop, forest and livestock resources base.

 Description and explanation of the natural and environmental opportunity in the region.

– The uses and management of this land base resources in relation to the

 Types of production and distribution systems.

 General economic development strategies of these resources, e.g. development of agriculture vis-a-vis manufacturing sector.

 Special types of agriculture – plantation agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation and their significance in the economic development of the region.

 Population growth, distribution and demographic characteristics.

 Population processes (fertility, mortality and migration)

 Role of urbanization – Detailed treatment of features of regional co-operation, e.g. ECOWAS.

– Effects of rapid population growth on food production, employment and economic development.

– Regional development issues, strategies and limitations.

GEO 224 Field Work in Geography (2 Credits) C

The course introduces students to field studies in geography. It involves 4 – 7 days of study of physical and human aspects of Geography. It emphasizes the writing of study report based on sampling, collection, analysis and interpretation of data. It encourages the use of field equipment to generate quantitative data. It improves the perception of geographical phenomena and features. It examines some population related problems in the study area.

GEO 321 Regional Geography of Africa (1 Credit) C

Location, size in relation to other continents

Distribution and characteristics of major elements of the physical environment:-

– Simple geologic structure, associated relief forms and mineral resource base

– Drainage, climate and their influence on water resources.

– Soil and vegetation characteristics as crop, forest and livestock activities.

Note: A good map work should form the framework for teaching this section.

Population and Settlement

(i) Main features of population, size and growth in the region

(ii) Sub-regional distribution and spatial density variation within and between sub-regions.

(iii) Sub-regional contrast in rural-urban settlements.

(iv) Types and problems of population movement in the region.

Population related problems in Africa e.g. hunger, poverty; diseases (HIV/AIDs), violence, urban deterioration, juvenile delinquency, crime, teenage pregnancy etc.

Population policies and programmes in Africa.

– Regional pattern of resource use and development e.g.. water resources

– Regional pattern of economic activities, past and present development, e.g. Agricultural and industrialisation.

– Issues of environmental management problems, e.g. soil degradation, water and air pollution, drought and flood control.

– Features of intra-Africa Cooperation e.g. African Union.

Regional trade and transportation:

(i) Nature and pattern of regional and international trade

(ii) Problems and prospects

(iii) Types and problems of sub-regional transport.

GEO 322 Resources of Developing Regions Outside Africa (1 Credit) E

(1) Natural and other types of resources in the developing regions outside Africa.

(2) Resource development in the Third World, using selected examples from various third world regions in Asia, Latin America, Australia etc.Population and resource development in the Third World

Problems and prospects of developing agriculture, mining, fishing, and manufacturing, in the regions.

(3) Methodology:- Topical approach, drawing examples from at least two regions outside Africa.

(4) Rapidly developing nations in Asia.

GEO 323 Political Geography (1 Credit) E

Concepts of Nations, States, group of nations etc. National boundaries:- (land, sea and air)

Evolution of Nigeria as a political entity:-

– influences of colonial administration and cultural background on unity, stability, and national development.

Resource sharing and political power struggle.

Geo-political issues:

– Ethnic balancing

– Resource allocation

– Politicisation of census, etc.

GEO 324 Economic Geography (1 Credit) C

– The meaning and scope of economic geography;

– Factors of production and economic development

– Consequence of population on Economic production e.g. age/sex, economically active population;

– Human resources and economic development

– Evolution of economic production system:- (i.e. primary, secondary and tertiary production systems, including service industries.

– Some concepts (i.e., Von Thunen theory of Agricultural location).

– Theories of industrial locations;

– Central place theory and world pattern of trade and transportation.

– Effects of population on changes on the economy.

GEO 325 Geography of the Developed World (2 Credits) C

Major characteristics of developed countries:

(a) Standard of living and level of income

(b) Comparison of the population of developed and developing worlds e.g..

Population characteristics

(c) Production systems

(d) The problems of raw material availability and value addition

(e) Environmental problems

(f) Population, energy consumption and environmental quality.

The historical development of the developed economies

(a) Industrial Revolution in Britain and its impact on Europe

(b) The economic development of North America

(c) The economic development of the former USSR (e.g. Russia).

(d) The economic development of Japan

(e) Colonial economic policies and strategies

(3) The relationship between developed and developing economies; such as in trade, technology transfer, aid etc

– Control over capital and technology.

– Control over world trade and transportation

(4) The challenge of rapidly developing Asian countries to the developed countries.

GEO 326 Elementary Land Survey (1 Credit) C

− Definition of Elementary Surveying

− Types of surveying i.e. chain compass, Plain table; Cadastral, Topographic; Hydrographic Surveying.

− Description of Tools/Equipment used in Surveying and their uses e.g. Theodolite, Prismatic Compass, Chain, Ranging Poles, Measuring Tapes, Arrows, etc.

− Surveying, Map and Plan Making i.e. how to carry out a simple chain survey of an area.

− Advantages and disadvantages of Chain Surveying

− Booking, Plotting, and Drawing of the Plan or Map

− Compass Survey – How to use the Prismatic Compass

− Bearings and Traversing

− Air-photo interpretation using stereoscopes

Members of Academic Staff in the Department

1 Abdullahi Muhammad NCE,B.SC, M.SC P/LECTURER
2 Muazu Adamu Bena NCE,B.SC, M.SC P/LECTURER
3 Danmalam Dantuni NCE,B.SC, M.SC S/LECTURER
4 Malami Dandi Yabo NCE,B.SC(ED) S/LECTURER
5 Bello Umar Sifawa B.SC, PDE, M.SC S/LECTURER
6 Muhammad Mansur Aliyu NCE,B.SC, PGD GEM LECTURER I
7 Abubakar Attahiru B.SC, PDE, PGD GEM LECTURER I
8 Aisha Muhammad B.SC, PDE, M.GED LECTURER I
9 Chika Sani Torankawa B.SC, PDE, MAID LECTURER I
10 Mansur Bello Dogon Daji NCE,B.SC, M.SC S/LECTURER
11 Zayyanu Ladan B.SC, PDE LECTURER I
12 Zainab Sambo Gidadawa B.SC, PDE, MGED LECTURER I
13 Muhammad Lawal Ibrahim NCE,B.SC(ED), M Ed LECTURER I
14 Hauwa’u Bello Dogon Daji B.SC, PDE, M.SC LECTURER I
15 Zayyanu Muhammad Nasir B.SC, M Sc PDE S/LECTURER
16 Kabiru Abubakar Zaki B.SC, PDE LECTURER I
17 Abdullahi Usman Budah B.SC, PDE LECTURER I
18 Sirajo Abubakar Ibrahim B.SC, PDE LECTURER II
19 Rukayya Shi’itu Naibi NCE, B.SC LECTURER II ,
20 Hadiza Modi Yabo B.SC, PDE LECTURER II
21 Buhari Muhktar Gatawa B.SC, PDE LECTURER II B.SC, PDE
22 Abubakar Abbas Saidu LECTURER II B.SC, PDE, PGD ES
23 Mustapha Saidu LECTURER II NCE,B.SC(ED)
24 Sirajoddeen Al-Amin ASSISTANT LECTURER NCE,B.SC(ED), M Sc
25 Bello Adamu Sakkwato LECTURER 1 NCE, B.SC
26 Aminu Garba Ibrahim A/Lecturer B Sc Ed
27 Muh’d Shehu Kware A/Lecturer B Sc Ed
28 Bala Zaki Tambuwal A/Lecturer B Sc Ed
29 Umar Ibrahim Yabo A/Lectuer B Sc Ed