Brief History
Sequel to the desire of the College to remedy the deficiency in the entry qualification into NCE Programme, it introduced the Preliminary Studies Department in 1982. The Department was created out of the Division of Education and Extension Services. In 1992 the Department metamorphosed into the school of preliminary Studies, in line with the NCCE guidelines. Thus, the school runs the followings programmes.
 PreNCE programme
 Remedial Arts and sciences
 Prelim Grade II referred but now stopped because of the facing out of Grade II.
It is pertinent to note that the School of Preliminary Studies is contributing immensely in providing qualified candidates to all Departments in the College for direct admission into NCE regular programme. Moreover, it has been approved and acknowledged as the best center for the conduct of external exams in the state.
Prior to 2012, the School has one department with two units under a HOD. However, in 2012, the two units namely, Remedial Studies and PreNCE were each made a full flagged department. Each is headed by an HOD under a Dean. Most of the lecturers handling the various courses in the School are from the mother departments.
Philosophy
In line with the NCCE Minimum Standards revised edition (2012); there is a provision for all Colleges of Education to run PreNCE Programme but it is optional. Thus the programme is designed to prepare students to meet the requirements for admission into NCE regular programme. This will expose the students to the introductory aspects of all NCE Programmes so that they can apply their concepts and generalizations to the various fields of human endeavour.
Objectives
According to the NCCE minimum standard revised edition (2012); the aims and objectives of the programme are as follows:
 To enable students to understand spoken English and be able to communicate effectively, orally in English.
 To read and write effectively in English Language
 To provide a smooth transition from the post secondary to the Pretertiary in the arts, Sciences, Vocational and Technical, languages and social sciences.
 To create a pool of candidates in the Arts, Sciences, languages, Vocational and Technical Education and Social Sciences that can be readily tapped for the implementation of the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Programme.
 To equip students with cognitive, Psychomotor and effective aspects of knowledge that will enable them pursue advanced study in science education, especially for the acquisition of the Nigeria certificate in education. (NCE).
Entry Requirement into PreNCE Programme
The entry requirements remain three (3) Credits and two (2) passes.
PreNCE Programme shall run from July to March of every academic year. However, the College runs it PreNCE programmes from January to Decemember based on the permission it was granted by NCCE.
All PreNCE candidates are required to register and attend lectures in the three (3) core subjects of: General Education, General Mathematics and General English.
In addition to the above, all candidates are also expected to select two subjects as appropriate to their programme of study.
Colleges should arrange the PreNCE programmes in such a way that candidates should register for minimum of 18 credits and maximum of 24 credits per semester
Admission to PreNCE is based on national benchmark on admission into tertiary education. The arts – sciences admission ratio of 30:70.
Candidates require CGPA of 1.5 in addition to obtaining scores above the national minimum cut off points in JAMB examinations.
PreNCE candidates are to be exempted from Post UTME screening for admission.
PreNCE Continuous Assessment and Examinations are to be internally moderated. (No more external moderation).
The PreNCE Programme should be for all the subjects available at the regular NCE level. (Early Childhood Care Education, Primary Education, Adult and NonFormal Education and Special Education inclusive).
xviii. The table below should guide the PreNCE Students on the subjects to be offered for the following programmes that are not captured in the PreNCE Minimum Standards
1. 
Ecumenics 
CRS/ISS and any other Arts Subjects 
2. 
Cultural and Creative Arts 
FAA and any of other Arts subject 
3. 
Social Studies 
Any two of Economics, Geography and Political Science 
4. 
Early Childhood Care Education 
English and any Basic Education Subject 
5. 
Primary Education 
English and any Basic Education Subject 
6. 
Special Needs Education 
English and any Basic Education Subject 
7. 
Adult and Nonformal Education 
English and any Basic Education Subject 
8. 
Computer Education 
Mathematics and any other science subject 
9. 
Integrated Science 
Biology and any of chemistry/physics 
GENERAL COURSES TO BE OFERRED BY ALL PRENCE STUDENTS
In the 2012 NCCE Minimum Standards for PreNCE programmes, it was made compulsory that all students must offer General Education, General English and General Mathematics. This will be in addition to the courses in the candidate’s chosen subjects. Similarly, the new guideline or curriculum provided candidates with combination like those obtained in the NCE programmes. Thus a candidate can continue with the chosen combination after successful completion of the PreNCE programme. The General courses are briefly listed below.
PRENCE GENERAL EDUCATION


S/No. 
Course Code 
Title 
Credits 
Status 
1 
GED 011 
The Teacher and the Teaching Profession 
1 
C 
2 
GED 021 
Principles of Teaching 
1 
C 


TOTAL 
2 

PRENCE GENERAL ENGLISH 


GEN 011 
Comprehension, summary & Essay 
2 
C 

GEN 012 
Vocabulary Development I 
1 
C 


TOTAL 
3 


GEN 021 
Essay Writing 
2 
C 

GEN 022 
Vocabulary Development II 
1 
C 


TOTAL 
3 

PRENCE GENERAL MATHEMATICS 


GMT 011 
Number & Numeration 
2 
C 

MAT 012 
Pure Mathematics I 
1 
C 


TOTAL 
3 


MAT 021 
Statistics, Probability & Calculus 
2 
C 

MAT 022 
Pure Mathematics II 
1 
C 


TOTAL 
3 

Course Description :Compulsory General Courses (Education)
Pre NCE (First Semester )
EDU 011 THE TEACHER AND THE TEACHING PROFESSION (1Credit) C
This course focuses on the concept of teaching, who is a teacher, personal attributes and qualities of a good teacher, responsibilities of a teacher, the teacher and the school, the teacher and the community, importance of teaching profession and the great teachers (as perceived by the students and their lecturer).
PreNCE (Second Semester )
EDU 021 PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING (1Credit) C
The Course deals with the concept of teaching, teacher/professional competencies, mastery of subject matter, physical and health status of the teacher and the students, the teacher and the importance of understanding human nature and development, ICT as a tool for lesson delivery and career prospects in the teaching profession.
PreNCE Course Description General English (First Semester)
GEN 011 COMPREHENSIONS, SUMMARY & ESSAY (2 CREDITS) C
 Reading comprehension techniques – identification of connotational and denotational meanings of words in context, sentence and paragraph;
 Practice in summary writing.
GEN 012 VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT I (1 CREDIT) C
 Registers – according to subject and user;
 Idioms and figurative expressions (in context);
 Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms and polysemy.
Second Semester
GEN 021 Essay Writing (2 Credits) C
 Basic components and structure of an essay
 Types of essays and their different characteristics, e.g. narrative, descriptive, expository, argumentative, reports etc.
 Formal and informal letters
 Passages from literary works of selected authors (see the current JAMB syllabus on use of English)
 Focus should be on: coherence and logical reasoning
 Synthesis of ideas
 Author’s opinion, mood, attitude to the subject matter, etc.
GEN 022 VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT II (1 CREDIT) C
 Drills in stress and intonation;
 Word formation processes e.g. affixation: suffixes, prefixes;
 Word classes and their functions
COURSE DESCRIPTION – PreNCE General Mathematics (First Semester)
GMT 011 NUMBER AND NUMERATION (2 CREDITS) C
 Number bases: Binary numbers, conversion from base 2 to base 10 and vice versa; other number bases e.g. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 etc
 Fractions, Decimals and Approximations.
 Indices: Laws of indices and numbers in standard forms
 Logarithms: Relationship between indices and logarithms e.g.
y = 10k k = log10y; Basic rules of logarithms i.e. log10 (Pq)
= log10 P + log10 q; log10 �� = log10 P‐ log10 q;
Log10 + Pn = n log10 P
 Use of Tables of Logarithms; Base 10 Logarithm and Antilogarithm tables.
 Surds: Simplification and Rationalization of simple surds;
 Sequences: A.Ps. and G.Ps;
 Sets: Idea of sets, universal set, finite and infinite sets, subsets, empty sets and disjoint sets, idea of and notation for union, intersection and complement of sets.
 Positive and Negative integers; Rational numbers, the Four basic operations on rational numbers; the number line.
 Ratio, Proportion, Rates and Taxes.
 Variation: Direct, inverse Partial and Joint variations.
 Percentages: Simple interest, commission, discount, depreciation. Profit and loss, compound interest and hire purchase.
GMT 012 PURE MATHEMATICS (1 Credit) C
 Operations
Binary operations – Properties
– Closure
– Commutativity
– Associativity
– Distributivity
 The idea of
– Identity elements
– Inverse elements.
 Algebraic expressions: Expression of statements in symbols;
 Formulating algebraic expression from given situations; Evaluation of algebraic expressions.
 Simple operations on algebraic expressions: Expansion and factorization;
 Solution of linear equations: Linear equations in one variable; simultaneous linear equations in two variables.
 Change of subject of a formula and relation:
 Quadratic Equations: Solutions of quadratic equations; Formation of quadratic equations with given roots; Application of solution of quadratic equations in practical problems.
 Graphs of linear and quadratic functions: Interpretation of graphs, coordinate points, table of values; Drawing quadratic graphs and obtaining roots from graphs; Graphical solution of pairs of equations of the form y = ax2 + b x + c and y = m x + k. Drawing quadratic equation graphs and obtaining roots from graphs; Drawing tangents to curves to determine gradient at a given point.
 Linear Inequalities: Solution of linear inequalities in one variable and representation on the number line. Graphical solution to linear Inequalities in two variables.
 Algebraic fractions: Operations on algebraic fractions:
 INDICES, LOGARITHMS AND SURDS
– Laws of indices
 Theory of logarithms
 Relationship between indices and logarithms
 Use of logarithm tables in calculations
 Change of base in logarithm
– Surds of the form a and a √b
√b
Where a is rational and b is a positive integer
The term of a sequence
 ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS
 Solution of quadratic equation using
– Factorization
– Completing the square
– Formula
– Symmetric properties of the roots
a + β = b and α β = c
a a
– Theory of quadratic equation
– Graphical methods
 Solution of 2 simultaneous equations where one is linear and the other is quadratic.
GMT 021 STATISTICS, PROBABILITY AND DIFFERENTIATION (2 Credits) C
 Statistics
– Representation of
 data — frequency distribution, histogram. Barcharts and piecharts
– Measures of Location
— mean, median and mode for both ungrouped and grouped data. Cumulative frequency curve, median, quartiles, and percentiles.
– Measures of dispersion – range, interquartile range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation.
 Probability
– Permutations and Combinations
– Experimental and theoretical probability: Including equally likely events e.g. probability of throwing a six with a fair die, or a head “.hen tossing a fair coin: use simple sample spaces.
– Addition of probabilities for mutually exclusive and independent events: USC simple sample spaces.
– Multiplication of probabilities for independent e ents: use simple sample spaces
 Differentiation
– Differentiation of simple explicit algebraic and trigonometric functions
 DYNAMIC
– Definition of displacement velocity, speed, distance, time and acceleration
– Composition of: Constant velocities and variable velocities Relative Velocity
– Equations of motion
 Concepts of mass particle and momentum
– Newton’s laws of motion
– Conservation of linear momentum
 One to one onto identity and constant mappings
 Composition of mapping.
 FUNCTIONS
– Inverse of a function
– Circular function
 MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
– Addition of matrices
– Scalar multiplication of matrices
– Multiplication of matrices.
o Determinant as area and volume in `2’ and `3’ dimensions respectively
o Application of determinant to areas of triangles and solution to simultaneous linear equations of unknown.
 STATICS
– Freely failing bodies under gravity, projectiles in one and two dimensions, vertical and horizontal projections only.
 General concepts of statics include forces which are of common occurrence e.g.
– Resolution of forces
– Gravitational forces
– Composition of forces.
– Problems involving resolution and composition of forces
– Reaction and surface friction
– moment and equilibrium of forces.
– Lami’s theorem
– Application of Lami’s theorem.
GMT 022 PURE MATHEMATICS II (1 Credit) C
 PARTIAL FRACTIONS
Resolution of rational functions into partial fractions for the following cases.
– Distinct linear factors in the denominator
– Repeated linear factors in the denominator
– Irreducible quadratic expression.
 LINEAR INEQUALITIES
– Graphical solution of simultaneous linear inequalities in two variables
– Analytical solution of simultaneous linear and quadratic inequalities
– Inequalities involving absolute values.
 GEOMETRY
 Construction of
– An angle equal to a given angle
– A line segment divided into a given number of equal parts
– Triangle and quadrilaterals satisfying certain conditions
 Relationship between construction and loci
 Knowledge of the following loci
– Locus of points equidistant from two lines
– Locus of points equidistant from two points
– Locus of points at certain distance from a point
 Construction of
– Tangent to a circle from an external point
– Constant angle locus
– Construction of locus of point P such as circumcircles, inscribed circles and scribed circles.
 PLANE GEOMETRY
 Deductive proofs of
– Angle sum of a triangle
– Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parapets are equal in area
 Application of skills in deductive reasoning in providing the following riders in Euclidean geometry.
– Angles at a point
– Angles on parallel lines
– Intercept theorem
– Angles in a polygon
– Extractor angles
– Congruent triangles
– Properties of parallelograms
– Areas of triangles and parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallel lines are equal
– Similar triangles.
 Deductive proofs of
– The angle which an arc subtends at the centre is twice the angle which it subtends at the remaining part of the circumference
– Angles on the same segment are equal
 Proofs of the following riders on Euclidean geometry with respect to circles
– angles subtended by chords in a circle
– angles subtended by a chord at the centre
– Perpendicular bisectors of chords
– Rectangular property of chords
– Angle between a tangent and a chord
– Two tangents from a point to a circle
– Common tangents to two circles.
 DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
– Derivative as a rate of change
– Differentiation from first principle
 Differentiation of implicit algebraic circular trigonometric and logarithmic functions
 Differentiation of exponential functions
– Determination of second derivatives
– Differentiation of a function of function.
 Concept of minimum and maximum of a function
– Integration as the reverse of differentiation
– Indefinite integrals solution by:
° Substitution
° Resolution of rational function into partial fractions
° Parts
– Definite integral
– Application of definite integral
Courses Offered Under the PreNCE Islamic Studies
Code 
Course Title 
Units 
Status 

FIRST SEMESTER 


ISS 011 
Introduction to the Study of Qur’an 
2 
C 
ISS O12 
Introduction to the Study of Hadith 
1 
C 
ISS 013 
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) 
3 
C 
ISS 014 
Tarikh (Islamic History) 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

SECOND SEMESTER 

ISS 021 
Textual Studies of the Qur’an 
2 
C 
ISS 022 
Textual Studies of the Hadith 
1 
C 
ISS 023 
Tahdhib (Islamic Moral Teachings) 
3 
C 
ISS 024 
Islamic Economic and Political Systems 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Course Description
ISS 011 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF QUR’AN (2 CREDITS) C
This course of study deals with the introductory aspects of the Holy
Qura’n which include:
– Definition of the Qur’an
– Revelation and complete arrangement of the Qur’an
– Significance of the Qur’an to humanity
– The role played by the Companions of the Prophet (SAW) in the preservation of the Glorious Quran
– Proof of the Divine authenticity of the Glorious Quran.
– Collection, compilation and standardisation of the Qur’an
– The nature and differences between Makkah and Madinan Suwar
– Uniqueness of the Holy Qur’an
– Moral lessons of the Glorious Quran
ISS 012 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF HADITH (1 CREDIT) C
This course of study deals with the definition and historical origin of Hadith, especially:
– Contents and importance of Had ith;
– The collection and compilation of Hadith;
– Criteria for testing the authenticity of Hadith
– The six sound collections of Hadith;
– The relationship between Hadith and the Glorious Quran;
– The classification of Hadith;
Muwatta and its author the biography of Imam Malik and the study of his
– book
– Hadith as a source of Shari’ah (Islamic Law)1
ISS 013 FIQH ISLAMIC (JURISPRUDENCE) (3 CREDITS) C
This course deals with rituals and principles of Islam:
Specifically course should include the following:
– Faith ( KalimatushShahadah:meaning and importance)
– Shrik ( beliefs and practices that are incompatible with the Islamic principles of Tawhid)
– Taharah (Purification)
– Ablution, Things that vitiate Ablution
– Tayammum and things that viate – Tayammum
– Al Ghusl (ritual bath)
– The spiritual and moral objectives of the above mentioned rituals
– The six articles of faith(Belief in Allah, Belief in His Angels, His Books, Prophets and the the Last Day)
– The five principles of Islam viz: Belief in Allah, Assalat, Sawm,
– Zakkat, and Hajj
– Definition of Marriage (AnNikah)
– Constituents of Marriage
– Prohibited spouses in Marriage
– Divorce (Talaq)
– Types of Divorce
– Inheritance (Mirath)
– Will (Wasiyyah)
The course also deals with the sources and schools of law in Islam. See the current JAMB/UTME Syllabus for more details.
ISS 014 TARIKH (ISLAMIC HISTORY) (2 CREDITS) C
This course deals with the definition of PreIslamic Arabia. The early life of the prophet of Islam, the first Da’wah (call), Hijrah and its significance, the farewell sermon and the contributions of the four rightly guided caliphs to the spread of Islam. The course also focuses on the early contact of Islam with Africa, the Impact of Islam in West Africa, and Contributions of Islam to Education.
2ND SEMESTER
ISS 021 TEXTUAL STUDIES OF THE QUR’AN (2 CREDITS) C
In this course, the students are expected to study the text, Transliteration, translation and teachings contained in certain selected surahs/ayats. These include: Suratul Fatihah, Ma’un, Kawthar, AlAdiyat, Ikhlas, Falaq, AlQari’ah, AlTakathur, AlAsr, AlHumazah, AlMasad, AlAlaq, AlQadr,Al Bayyinah, AlZilzal, AyatulKursiy, Laqad jaakun and Nas. The course focuses on Tafsirits origin, importance and types.
ISS 022 TEXTUAL STUDIES OF THE HADITH (1 CREDIT) C
In this course the students are expected to study the text, transliteration, translation and teachings contained in certain selected Hadith from AlNawawi’s collection 1,3, 5,6,7,9, 10,11, 12,13, 15, 16, 18,19,21,22,25,27,34 and 41. It also includes the moral lessons in the hadith.
ISS 023 TAHDHIB (ISLAMIC MORAL TEACHINGS (3 CREDITS)C
– The concept of morality in Islam
– Virtuos Habits in Islam viz:Honesty in words and deeds (Qur’an 2:42, 61:23
– Modesty of dressing in Islam (Qur’an 24:3031,24:27, 31
– Good leadership and justice (Qur’an 4:135)
– Piety (Qur’an 2:177), Trust and obligations, Tolerance, perseverance and patience
– Good relationship between Muslims and Christians (Muslim Christian Relationship).
– Goodness to parents
– Dignity of labour
– Unity and brotherhood
– Immoral Actions and Behaviours to be shun away from (Qur’an 2:188)Bribery and Corruption (Qur’an 2:2 19, 4:43), Adultery and Fornication,
– Arrogance and Extravagancy (Qur’an 17:32), Stealing and Fraud (Qur’an 5:38, 2:188, 85:15)
ISS 024 ISLAMIC ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS (2 CREDITS)C
This course deals with Islamic economic systems such as Islamic attitude to Riba, Al tatfif, hoarding (ihtikar), Islamic sources of revenue (Zakah, Jizyah, kharaj and Ghanimah), Baitul.mal and the difference between the Islamic economic system and the Western economic system. It also includes Islamic political system the concepts of shurah, adala,and masuliya, rights of nonmuslims in an Islamic State and the difference between the Islamic political system and the Western political system.
Courses offered under the PreNCE History
Course Code 
Title 
Credits 
Status 
HIS 011 
Nigeria from Beginning to 1800 
3 
C 
HIS O12 
Nigeria from 1800 1900 
2 
C 
HIS 013 
West and North Africa Since 1800 
2 
C 
HIS 014 
Eastern and Southern Africa 
1 
C 

TOTAL 
8 


SECOND SEMESTER 


HIS 021 
Nigeria from 1900 to 1960 
2 
C 
HIS 022 
Nigeria since Independence 
3 
C 
HIS 023 
Africa and the Wider World since 1900 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
PreNCE (First Semester)
HIS 011 NIGERIA FROM BEGINNING TO 1800 (3 CREDITS)C
The course focuses on the land and peoples of Nigeria. It aims at affording an appreciation of the development process that took place from the earliest time, ie. the people and their cultures from the Stone Age through to the development of state systems, origin and development of Nigerian states and societies, economic activities, external influences (Europeans & Arabs). The course also reflects on developments and interrelations between the Nigerian peoples and the outside world. Emphasis here is on the nature, pattern and effect of the Slave Trade.
HIS 012 NIGERIA FROM 1800 1900 (2 CREDITS)C
The course focuses on transformations in the Nigeria including Hausa land, Borno, Yorubaland, Benin, and the Delta region, etc. Emphasis is here placed on religious, political, economic and social changes. The abolition of the slave trade and the changes brought about internally and in relation with West European countries with focus on the British conquest of Nigeria.
HIS 013 WEST AND NORTH AFRICA SINCE 1800 (2 CREDITS)C
Islamic reform movements and state building in West Africa, Christian missionary activities in West Africa, Egypt under Mohammed Ali and Khedive Ismail, the Maghrib and European Incursion, the Mahdi and Mahdiyya Movement in the Sudan etc.
HIS 014 EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA (1 CREDIT)C
The Omani Empire, Buganda in the 19th Century, Ethiopia in the 19th century, the Mfecane, the Great Trek. See the current JAMB/UTME Syllabus for more details.
SECOND SEMESTER
HIS 021 NIGERIA FROM 1900 TO 1960 (2 CREDITS)C
The establishment of colonial administration up to 1914. Amalgamation of 1914 – Reasons and effects. Colonial Administration after the amalgamation. The Colonial Economy. Social Development under the Colonial Rule, Nationalism and Constitutional development.
HIS 022 NIGERIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE (3 CREDITS)C
The course starts up with Government and Politics 1960 66, The Nigerian Civil War. Military interventions and administrations 1966 – 1999 (from Gowon regime to Abacha regime); 1967 – 1970; Nigerian economy and society; and Nigeria in International Organizations: O.A.U., African Union. ECOWAS. UNO, The Common Wealth Organization of Nations, OPEC and Nigeria’s role in conflict resolutions.
HIS 023 AFRICA AND THE WIDER WORLD SINCE 1900 (3 CREDITS)C
The New Imperialism in Africa, the Partition and European Occupation of Africa, Patterns of Colonial rule in Africa, Nationalist Movement in Africa, Politics of decolonization, Apartheid and Problems of National Building in Africa, Military Intervention in African Politics. See the current JAMB/UTME Syllabus for more details.
PRENCE ECONOMICS
Courses offered under PreNCE Economics
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
ECO 011

Introduction to Economics I 
2 
C 
ECO 012

Elementary Principles of Economics I 
3 
C 
ECO 013 
Introduction to Mathematics Concepts in Economics. 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

ECO 021 
Introduction to Economics II 
2 
C 
ECO 022 
Elementary Principles of Economics II 
3 
C 
ECO 023 
Introduction to Public Finance 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
PreNCE (First Semester)
ECO 011 INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS 1 (2 CREDITS) C
Definition, nature and scope of economic concept of wants, scarcity, scale of preference , choice and opportunity cost Production: meaning factors and types. Cost and revenue concepts; total costs, average cost, marginal cost, total revenue, short and long run costs. Forms of business organizations. Agriculture: Types and practice. The role of agriculture in national development Problems of agriculture. in Nigeria
ECO 012 ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS I (3 CREDITS)C
Elementary theories of demand and supply – definitions. Changes in demand and supply change in quantity demanded and supplied. Determination of equilibrium price and quantity. The Concepts of elasticities of demand and supply. Application and implications of these concepts.
ECO 013 INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICS CONCEPTS IN ECONOMICS (3 CREDITS) C
Basic statistical tools for elementary analysis – statistical tables, graphs, charts, frequency distributions; Measures of central tendency – mean, median and mode. Measures of dispersion – variance, range, mean deviation and standard deviation
(NOTE: Emphasis should be on ungrouped data).
Simple and simultaneous algebraic equations related to Economics Techniques of differentiating and integrating simple algebraic, logarithmic and exponential functions and their applications to Economics.
Pre NCE(Second Semester)
ECO 021 INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS II (2 CREDITS) C
Location and localization of industries in economic development. Distribution and marketing of commodities. The functions of retailers and wholesalers. Concept of markets, types (perfect and imperfect). Types of financial institutions. Forms and characteristics of money. Basic functions of’ money. Inflation. International Trade.
ECO 022 ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS II (3 CREDITS) C
Factors that affect the size of the population. Population problems; geographical, occupational and age distribution of the population. Population workforce in Nigeria. Labour Economics; Labour Unions in Nigeria. Mobility of Labour (causes and effects), factors affecting wage determination in Nigeria.
ECO 023 INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC FINANCE (3 CREDITS) C
The nature, scope and methodology of Public Finance. Comparison of government with business firms. Sources of business and public finance. Concepts of taxation: types, advantages and disadvantages. Fiscal policy Budget.
PRENCE GEOGRAPHY
Courses Offered Under PreNCE Social Studies
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
GEO 011 
Regional Geography of Nigeria 
2 
C 
GEO 012 
Elements of Physical Geography I 
3 
C 
GEO 013 
Human Geography I 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

GEO 021 
Regional Geography of West Africa and the Rest of Africa 
2 
C 
GEO 022 
Elements of Physical Geography II 
2 
C 
GEO 023 
Human Geography II 
2 
C 
GEO 024 
Practical Geography 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
PreNCE(First Semester)
GEO 011 REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY OF NIGERIA (2 CREDITS) C
– Nigeria – Location, Size, Population, political division and physical setting.
– Relief and drainage; climate, soil and vegetation
– Resources and Economic Activities: Natural and Human Resources,
– Manufacturing Industries, Agriculture and Inter Regional Trade.
– Transportation and trade: Road, Railway, Air and Water. Compare the
– Nigerian situation with other countries.
– Settlement: Pattern and factors of location
– Geographical regions of Nigeria
GEO 012 ELEMENTS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY I (3 CREDITS) C
– The Earth in relation to the Sun – Latitude, Longitude, Location & time
– Position and seasonal changes
– Structure of the earth, shape and size, internal and external structures
– Types and characteristics of rocks; modes of formation and uses of rocks
– Land formsprocesses, earth movements, modifying agents. types of land forms associated with the processes and the agents
– Water bodiesoceans and sea, ocean currents(types, distribution and currents), lakestypes, distribution and uses.
GEO 013 HUMAN GEOGRAPHY I (3 CREDITS) C
– PopulationWorld Population with peculiar reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E., USA, India, Japan and the west coast of Southern Africa
– Population characteristics
– Factors and patterns of Population Distribution
– Factors and problems of population growth
– Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, Middle East and West Africa
– Types and patterns of Settlement (Rural and Urban, Disperse, Nucleated and Linear)
– Factors affecting the growth and size of settlement (urban and rural).
SECOND SEMESTER
GEO O2I REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY OF WEST AFRICA AND THE REST OF AFRICA (2 CREDITS) C
– Location, size and population
– Natural environment: Relief, climate, vegetation and rainfall
– Distribution of major minerals
– Lumbering in equatorial Africa
– Irrigation agriculture in the Nile and Niger Basin
– Plantation agriculture in West and East Africa
– Fruit farming in the Mediterranean Regions of Africa
– Mineral exploitation
– Population distribution in West Africa
– International economic cooperation in West Africa e.g. ECOWAS
GEO 022 ELEMENTS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY II (2 CREDITS) C
Weather, climate and vegetation.
– Soilsdefinitions and properties, factors and processes of formation, soil profiles etc.
– Environmental resources types of resources, concept of renewable and nonrenewable resources
– Environmental Interactions land ecosystem, environmental balance and human interaction
– Environmental hazards: soil erosion, drought, desert encroachment, deforestation, coastal erosion, flooding, pollution, etc. causes, effects and prevention
GEO 023 HUMAN GEOGRAPHY II (2 CREDITS) C
Types of economic activities (primary, secondary and tertiary)
– Manufacturing industries: Types of manufacturing industries, factors of industrial location, problems of manufacturing industries and roles of industries in the Economic Development of Tropical Africa.
– Transport and communicationtypes, roles in economic development etc. World trade factors and patterns of world trade; major commodities (origin, routes and destinations)
GEO 024 PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY (2 CREDITS) C
– Scale: meaning and types
– Uses of Scale:
o Measurement of distances and areas
o Map reduction and enlargement
– Map and types of maps
– Marginal information on maps
– Direction: Cardinal points, bearing and Grid references
– Contour and contour maps
– Cross profile and inter visibility
– Map interpretation: Relief, settlement, drainage and communication system on the map.
Interpretation of statistical data, maps and diagrams Elementary surveying.
Note: See current JAMB/UTME Syllabus for more details.
PRENCE ARABIC
Courses offered Under PreNCE Geography
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
ARB 011 
Introduction to Arabic Language 
2 
C 
ARB 012 
Introduction to Oral Arabic 
2 
C 
ARB 013 
Introduction to Arabic Literature 
2 
C 
ARB 014 
Introduction to Arabic Grammar 
2 
C 
Second Semester 

ARB 021 
Arabic Usage 
2 
C 
ARB 022 
Arabic Composition 
2 
C 
ARB 023 
Arabic Literature In Islamic/Modern Period 
2 
C 
ARB 024 
Basic Arabic Grammar 
2 
C 
COURSE DESCRIPTION
PreNCE(FIRST SEMESTER)
ARB 011 INTRODUCTION TO ARABIC LANGUAGE (2 Credits) C
 a) Introduction to Arabic Alphabets
 b) Different shapes of Arabic letters
 c) Vowel marks (short and Long)
 d) Arabic numbers
 e) Sun and Moon letters
 f) Nunation and Dictation
ARB 012 INTRODUCTION TO ORAL ARABIC (2 Credits) C
 a) Greetings in Arabic Language
 b) Oral expressions and Verbal Discussion
 c) Simple and short conversation
 d) Essay writing
ARB 013 INTRODUCTION TO ARABIC LITERATURE (2 Credits) C
 a) Brief note on Arabs and Arabic Language in PreIslamic period
 b) Arabic Literature in PreIslamic period i.e. definition, classification
 c) أمرأ الفيس ابن ساعدة وزهير بن أبى سلم ى وغيرهم من أصحاب المعلقات
ARB 014 INTRODUCTION TO ARABIC GRAMMAR (2 Credits) C
 a) Noun, its characteristics and classification e.g. Singular, Dual and Plural
 b) Verb and its types: Maadi, Mudaari’u, ‘Amr.
 c) Prepositions and separable and inseparable pronouns
SECOND SEMESTER
ARB 021 ARABIC USAGE (2 Credits) C
 a) Punctuation marks and their usages
 b) Hamzatul wasl and Qat’i
 c) Arabic usage from global perspective
 d) Arabic language in Nigeria
ARB 022 ARABIC COMPOSITION (2 Credits) C
 a) Selected topics on Arabic Language and scholars of Arabic Language in Nigeria
 b) Simple translation on selected words, phrases and sentences from Arabic to English and Vice versa
 c) Drills on Simple Arabic composition
ARB 023 ARABIC LITERATURE IN ISLAMIC/MODERN PERIODS (2 Credits) C
 a) Arabic Literature in Islamic period e.g. )المتنبى، الحجاج بن يوسف(
 b) Arabic literature in the modern period e.g
المنفلوطى وكتابه العبرات، أحمد شوقي وقصيدة “الثعلب والديك”
 c) West African Literature in Arabic e.g.
عبد الله بن فوديو وكتابه “تزيين الورقات، مسعود عبد الغني اادبيايو )مسرحيية استاذ رغم الغه(
ARB 024 BASIC ARABIC GRAMMAR (2 Credits) C
 a) Nouns indicative e.g. الفاعل المبتدأ والخبر –
 b) Nouns subjective e.g. المفعولات والحال
 c) Appendants e.g. النعت العطف التوكيد – –
 d) أسماء الإشارة والموصولة واسم الآلة والتفضيل والرمان والمكان
 e) المشتقات المضاف والمضاف إليه والعدد
PreNCE English
Courses offered Under PreNCE English
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
Eng 011 
Listening comprehension

2 
C 
ENG 012

Reading Comprehension and Summary writing

3 
C 
ENG 013

Basic Grammar

3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

ENG 021 
Speech Work 
2 
C 
ENG 022 
Essay Writing 
3 
C 
ENG 023 
Vocabulary Development, Lexis and Structure 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
PreNCE(FIRST SEMESTER)
ENG 011 Listening Comprehension (2 Credits) C
– The concept of listening
– Techniques of listening
– Articulation of English sounds
– Wordstress and its effects on pronunciation
– Rhythm comprehension
– Ear training
– Cultivating good listening habit
– Listening for Appreciation/Evaluation
ENG 012 Reading Comprehension and Summary Writing (3 Credits) C
– Basic Reading Skills (eye fixation, word recognition, eye span, etc.)
– Technique of fasting Reading
– Reading comprehension technique – identification of connotational and denotational meaning of word in the context, sentence and paragraph
– Types of reading as in extensive and intensive reading
– Practice in summary writing
° Technique of summary
– What are to be considered
° Paragraphing (main idea of the paragraph
° Contextual meaning/Dictionary meaning
ENG 013 Basic Grammar (3 Credits) C
– Parts of speech major features of noun, pronouns, verbs, adjective, adverb, proposition, conjunction, interjection
– Problem areas of some parts of speech:
° Nouns – number and concord Article
° Pronouns – Agreement between pronoun and antecedents
° Verb – tense
° Preposition
– Simple sentence analysis (subject, verb, object complement, identifying parts of the sentence, indirect and reported speech
PreNCE(SECOND SEMESTER)
ENG 021 Speech Work (2 Credits) C
– Articulation of consonants and vowels
° Drills in both consonants and vowels
– Definition of stress intonation and rhythm; Drills in stress, intonation and rhythm
– Simple dialogues, use of models e.g. broadcasters.
– Oral drills based on mimicry, dialogues and film shows
– Identification of Minimal pains/set drills in syllable – initial, medial and final position.
ENG 022 Essay Writing (3 Credits) C
– Basic components and structure of an Essay
– Types of essay and identify their characteristic e.g.
° Narrative
° Description
° Expository
° Argumentative
° Report writing
– Formal and informal letter writing
ENG 023 Vocabulary Development and Lexis and Structures (3 Credits) C
– Registers – according to subject and user
– Idioms and figurative expression (in context)
– Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, hyponyms and polysemy
– Morphonology and syntax (word formation processes e.g. affixation
– Definition of lexis and structure
– Activity on lexis and structure to be emphasize
Pre NCE French
Courses offered Under PreNCE French
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
FRE 011 
Oral Expression & Comprehension 
2 
C 
FRE 012 
Grammar 
2 
C 
FRE 013 
Written Expression & Comprehension 
2 
C 
FRE 014 
Civilization 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

FRE 021 
Written Expression & Comprehension 
2 
C 
FRE 022 
Grammar II 
2 
C 
FRE 023 
Written Expression & Comprehension 
2 
C 
FRE 024 
Civilisation II 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
FIRST SEMESTER
FRE 011 : ORAL EXPRESSION & COMPREHENSION (2 CREDITS) C
– Salutation en français
 Saluer quelqu’un
 Prendre congé
– Présentation
 Se présenter
 Présenter quelque chose
iii. Présenter quelqu’un/présenter sa famille
 Identifier quelqu’un/quelque chose
– Demander son chemin
– Décrire quelqu’un
– Décrire quelque chose
– Demander à qui appartient un objet
– Demander à qui appartient une chose
– Exprimer ses gouts
– Parler de ses loisirs
– Dire l’heure
– Parler du temps
– Faire des courses
– Proposer /accepter/ refuser
– Se renseigner
– Les expressions figées/toutes faites: Telles que les proverbes, les idiomes et les structures conventionelles comme realisées dans les actes de paroles: (proverbes:par ex. tel père, tel fils, petit à petit, l’oiseau fait son nid). Les idiomes (par ex. avoir une faim de lou, crier sur le toit, mourir de peur).Expressions conventionelles (par ex.Enchanté, C’est dommage, formidable, Stationnement Interdit etc) Les actes de paroles (par ex. proposer, conseiller, regretter, admirer, esperer, interroger, reprocher, s’accorder etc).
– Fonctionnement des sons franҫais (Working of French Sounds) :
(a) La discrimination des sons (par ex. tout/tu)
(b) La correspondence des sons des lettres (par ex. ai/e/e, ais/e/)
(c) La syllabification (par ex. con/tente/ment)
(d) La liaison (par ex. trois animaux, cas unique, faux amis,)
(e) Groupes de sens (par ex. J’ai mal à la tête, L’enfant mange, Il va à l’école)
(f) Vrais et faux amis (e.g. president, nation, serious, responsible etc..)
(g) L’identification des sons semblables (e.g maison/saison, dents/don’t, fond/fonde, père/paire)
FRE 012 : GRAMMAR (2 CREDITS) C
– Identifier quelque chose
– Décrire quelque chose, quelqu’un
– Demander à qui appartient un projet
– Faire des phrases en utilisant les verbes :
 Au présent
 A l’imparfait
 Au passé composé
 Au futur
 Au futur proche et
 Au conditionnel présent et passé
 La négation (ne…pas, ne….plus, ne…jamais)
– Utiliser correctement les prépositions dans la phrase
FRE 013: WRITTEN EXPRESSION & COMPREHENSION (2 CREDITS) C
– Parler de soi (Le nom, sa nationalité, son travail, ou il habite, ses parents, ses amis/amies son plat préféré etc.
– Parler des sujets tels que:
– Le Sida Syndrome d’imumodéficience Acquise(AIDS) Qu’estce que c’est que le SIDA? Quels sont les moyens par lesquels on atteint le sida?
– La Corruption(Curuption): Quelles sont les causes de la corruption? Quelles sont les solutions?
– La vie amoureuse(Love life)
– À propos de la vie et la mortlife (About life and death)
– Le mariage (Marriage): Quels sont les types de mariage? Demandez aux apprenants de citer les types de mariages et de décrire l’un de leur choix. Quelles sont les causes de divorce?
– Le culte secret (cultism)Qu’estce que c’est qu’un culte secret? Quelles sont les personnes impliquées? Quelles sont les causes de culte secret bien dans les établissements scolairs que dans la grande communauté? Comment freiner ce fléau?
– letrafic d’argent (Money laundering) Qu’estce que c’est que le trafic d’argent? Quelles sont les personnes qui font ce trafic? Quelles sont les diverses causes de trafic d’argent? Quels sont les agences nationaux et internationaux qui luttent contre le trafic d’argent? Etc..
– Le trafic d’enfants
– le voyage (travel)
– Dialogue
– Exprimer ses gouts
– Se déplacer
– Donner des indications et des instructions *
– Donner des ordres
FRE 014 : CIVILISATION Francophone Africa and France Culture I (2 CREDITS) C
– La France
– Histoire de la colonization et de l’indépendance des pays francophones
– La géographie de la France
– Le système politique en France (en comparaison avec celui du Nigéria)
– Les organes du gouvernement en France
– Le système éducatif (en comparaison avec celui du Nigéria)
– Le tourisme en France
– La cuisine et la gastronomie française
– Les fêtes nationales en France
– Etude de quelques textes littéraires tels que: Réné Maran, Mariama Ba, Ahmadou Kourouma, Hamidou Kane et Aminata Sow Fall.Identification of characteristics features of Creative writing e.g. Plot, characters, theme, setting and style (use of language, imageries etc.)
SECOND SEMESTER
FRE 021: ORAL EXPRESSION AND COMPREHENSION (2 CREDITS) C
– Rapporter
– Savoir parler de son enfance
– Situer un fait dans le temps préciser les dates, les durées, les fréquences.
– Exprimer son sentiment
– Exprimer son inquiétude
– Exprimer ses ennuis
– Exprimer son irritation
– Exprimer ses plaintes/se plaindre
– Faire des reproches à quelqu’un/réprimander, protester, argumenter, se disputer, s’indigner, blâmer.
– Exprimer un souhait
– Parler de soi au future
– Interdire
– Accuellir
– Donner les ordres
– Rechercher une information par téléphone, s’excuser, se justifier, pardonner à quelqu’un, accuser/défendre.
– Exprimer la probabilité, la certitude et l’incertitude dans l’avenir.
– Anticiper les événements dans l’avenir
– Demander et donner des conseils
– Saivoir dire ce que l’on faisait avant et que l’on ne fait plus
FRE 022 : GRAMMAR (2 CREDITS) C
– Discours directe et indirecte au présent et au passé – Approfondissement de l’imparfait – Révision des verbes (emplois et formes) · Imparfait · Présent · Passé composé · futur – La date : l’usage de le…., en…, depuis…. jusqu’à…., en…, – La durée: depuis….., il y a…, pendant…., – La fréquence : toujours, souvent, quelquefois, parfois, de temps en temps, jamais – Les différentes formes de l’interrogation : directe/indirecte – Verbe + de : · avoir peur de · avoir envie de · prendre soin de · trembler de – Pronoms personnels, compléments devant un verbe (en, le, y) – Les adjectifs et pronoms indéfinis : Quelques, certains, tout, aucun etc. – Introduction au conditionnel passé avec négation : Tu n’aurais pas dû. – Le subjonctif présent – La forme interrogative (révision) – Expression de la causalité : parce que, à cause de, grâce à, en raison de etc. – Révision du subjonctif avec certains expressions : il se peut que + (subj.) – Peutêtre que + (futur) pour exprimer une prédiction – Révision du conditionnel – Le futur antérieur NB: L’enseignant doit pouvoir mener et encourager ses étudiants á construire des phrases concretes avec chacun des éléments appris dans des situations réelles.
PreNCE Hausa
Courses offered under PreNCE
First Semester 

Code 
CourseTitle 
Credits 
Status 
HAU 011 
HARSHE (LANGUAGE) 
3 
C 
HAU 012 
ADABI (LITERATURE) 
3 
C 
HAU 013 
ADABI (LITERATURE) 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
9 

Second Semester 

HAU 021 
HARSHE (LANGUAGE) 
3 

HAU 022 
RUBUTACCEN ADABI (WRITTEN LITERATURE) 
4 
C 

TOTAL 
7 
C 
COURSE DESCRIPTION
FIRST SEMESTER
HAU 011 Harshe (Language) (3 Credits) C
(a) Ka’idojin Rubutu (Orthography)
Alphabetization; spelling; rules of world merger and division; Punctuation, paragraphing; all in line with standard Hausa
(b) Auna Fahimta (Comprehension)
Contextual questions from short unseen passages of about 300 words
(c) Tsarin Sauti (Phonology)
 Consonants – production and classification in terms of phonation, place and manner of articulation;
 Vowels – production and classification in terms of Position of tongue and lips. Monophthongs and diphthongs;
Tone – e.g high, low and falling tone patterns;
Syllable structure – syllable types, e.g. open and closed syllables, light and heavy syllable;
 Syllabic categories of words – Monosyllabic disyllabic, etc.
 Vowel length – long and short Vowels;
vii. Phonological processes – e.g. Assimilatory; palatalization and vowel Harmony; noassimilatory: Insertion and deletion.
(d) Translation 1
 Introduction to translation
 Purpose and techniques of translation
iii. Types of translation
 Types of translation of simple words, English to Hausa and Hausa to
English
 Translation of simple sentences from English to Hausa and Hausa to English
 Translation of simple passages English to Hausa and Hausa to English
HAU 012 Al’adu (Culture) (3 Credits) C
(a) Rayuwar Hausawa (Hausa Rite de Passage)
 Haihuwa (birth) – daukar ciki da goyon ciki da haihuwa da Shayarwa da al’adun makon Haihuwa da wanda banti da Yaye da kaciya da samartaka;
 Aure (Marriage) – ireirensa da nema da baiko da daurin aure da biki da zaman aure da Saki da zawarci;
iii. Mutuwa (death) – fadar Mutuwa da wanka da salla da Jana’iza da zaman makon da Sadaka da takaba da gabo.
(b) Zamantakewa (Social Institutions)
 Tsarin zaman iyali da zaman gandu da dangantarkar kishiyoyi da’yan uwantaka da barantaka da agolanci;
 Makwabtaka;
iii. Aikin gandu da na gayya;
 Abota da kawance
 Gaisuwa da karimci
(c) Sana’oin Gargajiya (Traditional Occupations)
 Ireirensu – noma da kira da Jima da kasuwanci da Wanzanci da sassaka da Farauta da dukanci dasaka da kitso da rini da fawa da fakar korai da sauransu.
 Yanayinsu – hanyoyin gadon su da kayayyakin yin su da Matakan tafiya dasu da Muhimmancinsu;
iii. Kayayyaki ko amfanin da suke samarwa
 Sarautunsu
 Sana’o’I masu dangantaka da
 Jinsi – aikatau da kwadago; Kitso da aski.
(d) Kayayyakin Bukatun Rayuwa (Material Culture)
 Na bukatun ciin gida (Household) tufafi da karkitan cikin gida
 Na sauran bukatu (others) ginegine da girkegirke da sauransu.
HAU 013 ADABI (LITERATURE) (3 Credits) C
 Adabin Baka (Oral Literature)
(a) Zuben baka (Narratives);
Tatsuniya da almara da hikaya da kissa da tarihi
(b) Maganganun azanci (Fok Sayings) Take da kirari da habaici da zambo da Karin Magana da kacicikacici da salon Magana da adon harshe.
(c) Wakoki (songs)
 Ireirensu na fada da na jama’a da na maza da sauransu
 Jigo da salo da zubi da tsari da mawaki da kayan kida da abin da aka wake.
iii. Zabbabun wakokin makada.
MAKADI 2011
 Dan Anace Gandi
 Binta Zabaya Katsina
20122013
 Haruna Uji
 Garba Supa
iii. Wakokin aiki: na nika da dabe da na daka da na talla da Sauransu;
 Wakokin yara (Maza da Mata); na aure da na dandali da sauransu
(d) Wasanin Kwaikwayo da Gargajiya (Traditional Drama):
 Na yara
– Ireiren su langa da was an; yartsana sa tashe da Wasan gauta da dokin kara da sauransu;
– Yadda ake yin su
– Muhimmancinsu
 Na manya;
– Ireiren su ‘yan kama da Kalankuwa da hoto da Wowo da tashe, da Sauransu;
– Yadda ake yin su;
– Muhimmancinsu.
PreNCE
SECOND SEMESTER
HAU 021 Harshe (Language) (3 Credits) C
(a) Ginin Jumla (Syntax)
 Word class – e.g. nouns, Pronouns, verbs, adverbs, Adjectives, Prepositions, Conjunctions, Interjections and Idiophones;
 Grammatical categories – e.g. Tense and aspect (general and Relative past: general and Relative continuous first and Second future, habitual); Mood (subjunction and Negative); gender (Masculine. Faminine and neuter) and Number (singular and plural);
iii. Sentence structure – e.g. Verbal sentence, nominal Phrase + verbal phrase and their components, nonverbal Sentence: nominal phrase + Stabilizer, nominal phrase + Complement + stabilizer, Nominal phrase + continuous Frame (yana../yake..) (+da) + Nominal phrase;
 Sentence types – e.g. simple Sentences, compound, sentence and complex Sentences;
 Clauses – types (e.g. relative and subjective); functions (e.g. main and subordinate)
 Adjectives and verbs from Nouns.
(b) Kirar Kalma (Morphology)
 Roots and stems
 Affixation – e.g. prefix, infix Suffix and their derivational and inflectional functions;
iii. Gender and number Inflections;
 Derivation of nouns and Adjectives from verbs;
(c) Ma’ana (Semantics)
 Lexical aspects of word meaning – e.g. ambiguity, synonymy and antonymy.
 Figures of speech – aspects of specialized meanings of words and phrase
(d) Translation II
This segment will concentrate on the practical aspect of translation focusing on contemporary issues in the media.
HAU 022 Rubutaccen Adabi (Written Literature) (4 Credits) C
 a) Zube (Prose)
 b) Waka (Poetry)
 c) Wasan Kwaikwayo (Drama)
 Al’adu (Cuture( 2 Credit Units Compulsory
 a) Bukukuwa da Wasanni (Cultural Festivities)
 Na addini (religious) bikin sallah da takutaha (sallar gani) a cikaciki da saukar karatu, da sauransu;
 Na gargajiya (traditional) kalankuwa da buxar dawa da sauransu.
iii. Na sana’oi (tranditional) bikin kamun kifi da dambe da kokawa da wasan farauta da wasan makera da hawan kaho da sauransu.
 Na nishadisukuwa
 Na yara (children’s game’s) shalle da kulili kurciya da a sha rowan tsuntsaye da gada da carafke da sauransu
 Camfecame da Bauta (Tranditional Beliefs and Religion)
Kan gida da camfi da bori da maita da tsafi da duba da tsibbu da kambun baka
 Sarautun Gargajiya (Traditional Authority)
 Ireirensu hakimai da Dagatai da masu unguwanni
 Na bayin sarkishantali da jakadiya da baraya da sauransu
iii. Masu alaqa da addini; liman da alqali
 Ayyukansu
 Magungunan Gargajiya (Tranditional Medicine)
 Ireirensu – sassaqe sassaqe da sauyoyi da na gari da na ruwa da layu da rubutu
 Hanyar amfani das usha da shafawa da surface da turare da shaqawa da taunawa da tsotsawa da daurawa da likawa.
iii. Awo da kimantawa
 Ayyukansu – riga kafi da warkarwa
BIO 022 BIO 023 
Ecology Genetics & Evolution Biology Practical II 
3 3 2 
C C C 
TOTAL 
08 
PreNCE Science Education Programmes
The subjects offer under this programme are shown below.
Courses Offered Under Pre NCE Biology
First Semester 

Code 
CourseTitle 
Credits 
Status 
Bio 011 
Cell Biology 
2 
C 
Bio 012 
Animal Biology 
2 
C 
Bio 013 
Plant Biology 
2 
C 
Bio 014 
Biology Practical I 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

Bio 021 
Ecology 
3 
C 
Bio 022 
Evolution and genetics 
3 
C 
Bio 023 
Practical Biology II 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 
COURSE DESCRIPTION
Pre NCE
FIRST SEMESTER
BIO 011 CELL BIOLOGY (2CREDITS)C
 Characteristics of living organisms.
 Level of organisation of living organisms.
iii. Definition and types of cells.
 General structure and functions of cell organelles.
 Similarities and differences between plant and animal cells.
 Physical and chemical processes in the cell (Diffusion, Osmosis, Plasmolysis, etc).
 Cell division (Mitosis, Meiosis).
BIO 012 ANIMAL BIOLOGY (2CREDITS) C
 General introduction to the classification of organisms (e.g. Mineral, Protista and Fungi).
 Outline of the classification of Animal Kingdom.
iii. Distinguishing features of invertebrate (protozoans, coelentrates, platyhelminthes, Nematodes, Annelids, Arthropods, Moluscs).
 Distinguishing features of Vertebrates (Pisces, Amphibians, Reptiles, Aves stressing the transition process from water to land in the case Amphibians; Biological importance of Arthropods.
 Characteristics of mammals.
 Study of anatomy and physiology in animals.
– Nutrition in Animals.
– Classification of food substances and food test (Carbohydrate, proteins, fats and oils, vitamins etc).
– Food test (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein etc).
vii. Dentition in animals (the mammalian tooth structure, types and functions).
viii. Structure and functions of parts of a mammalian alimentary canal.
 Processes of nutrition (ingestion, digestion, absorption and assimilation of digested food, egestion).
 Transport, respiration, reproductive and excretory system in animals.
 Sense organs in animals (skin, nose etc).
xii. Skeletal and support systems in Animals.
BIO 013 PLANT BIOLOGY (2CREDITS) C
 Outline of the classification of plant kingdom.
 General characteristics of lower plants (thallophytes, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes).
iii. Spermatophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (Monocots and Dicots).
 Morphology, Anatomy and functions of roots, stems, leaves and flowers) mechanisms and processes of pollination, fertilization, fruits and seeds development and dispersal of seeds and fruits.
 Plant Physiology – photosynthesis, mineral requirements (micro and macro nutrients), plant vascular system (phloem and xylem); processes and mechanism of transportation in plants; respiration and excretion in plants.
 Internal structure of dicot and monocot plants.
vii. Growth, meaning of growth, seed germination and conditions necessary for seeds germination.
 Plant hormones (Phytohormones) e.g. auxins, gibberellins, cytokinin and ethylene.
BIO 014 (3Hrs per week) BIOLOGY PRACTICAL I (2CRECITS) C
 Laboratory/ safety and precautions.
 Microscope: parts of microscope and their uses; mounting and building objects with microscope.
iii. Study of cells using microscope (plant and human cells e.g. onion and human cheek cells).
 Study of life specimen and slides of invertebrates (e.g. protozoans, coelentrates etc).
 Study of life specimens and slides of Algae e.g. Spirogyra; fungi, e.g. mucor.
 Study of specimen of vertebrates e.g. Pisces, reptiles etc.
vii. Morphology and Anatomy of roots, stems leaves and flowers.
viii. Dissection of a small mammal to show the digestive, circulatory, unrinogenital and nervous systems.
 Experiment to demonstrate diffusion, Osmosis and plasmolysis.
SECOND SEMESTER
BIO 021 ECOLOGY (3Credits) C
 Basic Concepts in Ecology e.g. Habitat, population, niche, ecosystem etc.
 Natural Habitat: types of Habitat and adaptation of some organisms in the habitat.
iii. Population study e.g. Population density and overcrowding, factors affecting population size (Biotic factors e.g. food, pests disease, predation, competition and reproductive ability; abiotic factors e.g. temperature, space, light, rainfall, topography etc).
 Ecological succession: Primary and secondary succession.
 Energy relation in a living organisation, trophic levels, food chain and web, energy flow.
 Soil studies, characteristics of different types of soil (sandy, loamy, clayey) soil structure, component of soil (inorganic, organic and soil organisms); soil fertility (process of loss and renewal of soil fertility).
vii. Humans and Environment; diseases and conditions that favour the spread of disease, transmissible diseases (e.g. cholera, tuberculosis etc) and sexually transmitted diseases such as (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS etc.
viii. Environmental Pollution and its control; Sources, types, effects and control methods of pollution.
 Conservation of Natural Resources; Renewable and nonrenewable natural resources; Local and International Bodies responsible for conservation e.g Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) etc.
 Relevance of Biology to Agriculture.
BIO 022 GENETICS AND EVOLUTION (3 CREDITS) C
 Variation in population: Morphological and Physiological Variation (continuous and discontinuous variation), application of variation in crime detection, blood transfusion and determination of paternity.
 Heredity: Inheritance in organism, Mendels laws of inheritance, chromosomes as basis of inheritance; probability in genetics and sex determination; application of principal of hereditary in agriculture, medicine etc; sexlinked characters e.g. baldness, haemophilia, colour blindness etc; blood grouping.
iii. Adaptation for survival; competition and factors responsible for competition in a biotic community; types of competition (intra and interspecific competition) Relationship between competition and succession; structural and behavioural adaptation in organisms.
 Concept of evolution, evidence of evolution, theories of evolution (e.g. Lamarck’s Theory, Darwin’s Theory).
 Evolutionary trends in plants and animals.
BIO 023 BIOLOGY PRACTICAL II (3 Hrs per week) (2Credits) C
 Sampling techniques.
 Study of different methods of estimating the population of plant and animal communities.
iii. The following methods should be practiced.
– Direct count by use of quadrats and transects
– Capture recapture method using sweep nets, light traps, plankton net etc.
– Carry out studies on variation and inheritance e.g. flower colours of plumeria sp; chicken colours, tongue rolling, finger prints; blood groups, height, finger clinching, testing phenythicarbamide (PTC).
Courses Offered Under Physics
Code 
Course Title 
Units 
Semester 
Grade 
Phy 011 
Mechanical &Properties of matter I 
2 
1 

Phy 012 
Mechanical & properties of Matter II 
2 
1 

Phy 013 
Mechanical & Heat energy 
2 
1 

Phy 014 
Practical physic I 
1 
1 

Phy 021 
Waves 
2 
2 

Phy 022 
Field 
2 
2 

Phy 023 
Introductory Modern physics & electronics 
1 
2 

Phy 024 
Practical physics II 
1 
2^{ND} Semester 





Courses Offered Under PreNCE Chemistry
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
CHE 011 
General Principles of chemistry 
2 
C 
CHE 012 
General Physical Chemistry

3 
C 
CHE 013 
Practical chemistry I 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

CHE 021 
Practical Chemistry II

3 
C 
CHE 022 
Introductory Organic Chemistry

2 
C 
CHE 023 
Organic Compound 
3 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
Pre NCE Chemistry
FIRST SEMESTER
CHE 011 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)
 Matter and Separation Techniques: Matter: definition and properties; Elements, Compounds and Mixtures; Physical and Chemical Changes; Separation processes: evaporation; simple and fractional distillation, sublimation, filtration, crystallization, precipitation, and chromatography.
 Structure of the Atom:
Gross features of the atom: Atomic number/proton number, number of neutrons. isotopes, organic m ass, relative atomic mass (Ar) and relative molecular mass (Mr) based on Carbon Atoms, Molecules and ions. Nuclear chemistry:
Nature of millions halflife as a measure of the stability of the nucleus:
III. Periodicity of the Elements:
Periodic law. Trend in periodic properties, namely ionization potential,
electron affinity, electronegativity, ionic radii, atomic radii (down a group and across a period). Periodic gradation of properties of elements in group VII i.e. the halogens: (F2, Cl2, Br2, I2) properties of chlorine as a typical halogen. General properties of the first transition element series.
 Bonding:
Interatomic bonding: ionic bonding factors influencing its formation; properties of ionic compounds. Covalent bonding – factors influencing its formation; properties of covalent compounds. Simple molecules and their shapes; e.g. H2, and 02. Metallic bonding – factors influencing its formation, properties of metals. Intermolecular bonding – Van der Waal’s forces and hydrogen bonding. Comparison of all bond types.
 Stoichiometry and Chemical Reactions:
Symbols, formulae and equations: chemical symbols, empirical and molecular formulae, chemical equations. Laws of chemical combinations. Experimental demonstration of laws of conservation of mass, constant composition and multiple proportions. Gas laws: Dalton’s, Gay Lussac’s and Avogadros’s laws.
The mole concept: The mole as the unit of measurement of amount of substance and mole ratios. Solutions: Standard solutions, concentration terms.
 States of Matter:
 a) Postulates of the kinetic theory of matter; b) Kinetic model of matter: the use of kinetic model to explain
(i) nature of solids, liquids and gases; (ii) change of states of matter; (iii) Diffusion c) Limitations of kinetic theory in respect of solid and liquid states; d) Explanation of gas laws using the kinetic theory of matter – Boyle’s,
Charles’, Graham’s and Avogadro’s, laws, Dalton’s law of partial
pressures, Gay Lussac’s law.
CHE 012 GENERAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (3Credits)
 Energy and Energy Changes (Thermochemistry):
(a) Energy changes in physical and chemical processes, enthalpy, energy diagrams. Forms of energy, energy content, transfer of energy.
(b) Description, definition and illustration of energy changes and effect – exothermic and endothermic processes; total energy of a system as the sum of the various forms of energy e.g. kinetic, potential, electrical, heat, sound, etc. Enthalpy
changes of formation, combustion, solution, neutralization and their practical measurements.
(c) Definition and interpretation of the relationship ΔG = ΔH – TΔS, illustrated with suitable examples.
 Rates of Reactions and Equilibrium System
(a) Rates of reaction: i) Factors affecting rates of reaction ii) Theory of reaction rates: collision theory. b) Equilibrium: i) Properties of equilibrium system ii) Effects of temperature, pressure/concentration and catalyst on
the equilibrium position
iii) Le Chatelier’s principle
III. Acids, Bases and Salts:
(a) Definitions of acids and bases. (b) physical and chemical properties of acids and bases. (c) acids, bases and salts as electrolytes. (d) Acid – base indicators. (e) pH and pH – scale. (f) weak acids and weak bases (g) hydrolysis. (h) acid – base titrations. (i) Qualitative treatment of buffer solutions.
 Solubility:
(a) general principles and practical applications. (b) solute, solvent and solution. (c) Saturated, unsaturated and supersaturated solutions.
 (a) Deliquescent, efflorescent and hygroscopic substances. (b) Methods of preparation of simple salts.
 Redox Reactions:
 Oxidation and reduction processes. (b) Oxidizing and reducing agents (including tests). (c) Redox equations. (d) Electrochemical cells: (i) standard electrode potential.
 drawing and writing of cell diagrams. (iii) e.m.f. of cells. (iv) applications of electrochemical cells.
VII. Electrolysis:
(a) Principles of electrolysis, ionic theory and mechanism (e.g using dilute
acids). (b) Factors influencing discharge of ions. (c) Faraday’s laws. (d) Examples of electrolysis: electrolysis of molten/fused salts, NaOH (aq), (using mercury cathode). KI (aq), CuSO4 (aq), using different electrodes, graphite, platinum and copper
and conc. HCl
(e) Practical applications: electroplating, extraction of aluminium, etc. (f) Corrosion of metals: (i) treated as redox process. (ii) rusting of iron and its economic cost. (iii) prevention of corrosion based on relative magnitude of
electrode potential.
(iv) preventive methods like galvanising, sacrificial cathode or
cathodic protection and nonredox methods.
CHE 013 PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY (3Credits)
 I) General Skills and Principles:
 a) Measurement of mass and volume. b) Preparation and dilution of standard solutions. c) Filtration, recrystallization and melting point determination. d) Measurement of heats of neutralization and solution. e) Determination of pH values of various solutions by using indicators and pH f) The percentage purity of acids and bases.
 II) Acid—Base Titrations:
The use of standard solutions of acids and alkalis and the indicators methyl orange and phenolphthalein to determine the following:
 a) The concentration of’ acids and bases.
 b) Water of crystallization.
 c) The solubility of acids and bases.
 d) The percentage purity of acids and bases.
PreNCE Chemistry
SECOND SEMESTER
CHE 021 PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY II (3CREDITS)
Qualitative Analysis:
 I) a) Characteristic tests for the following gases: H2 NH3, C02, HCI, SO2, 02.H2S, and NO2.
 b) Characteristic action of dilute HCI on solid samples or aqueous solutions and conc. H2SO4on solid samples of the following; CI,CO32, NO3 SO42,SO32, S2.
 c) Confirmatory tests tr the above anions.
 II) a) Characteristic tests for the following cations with dilute NaOH (aq) and NH3 (aq): NH4+, Ca2+, Pb2+, Cu2+, Fe2+, Fe3+,Al3+
and Zn2+
 b) Confirmatory tests for the above actions.
CHE 022 INTRODUCTORY ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 CREDITS)
 Unique nature of carbon atom.
 Classification: (a) Classification of organic compounds e.g. hydrocarbons, alkanols,
alkanoic acids, etc. (b) Functional groups e.g. hydroxyl (OH), carboxyl (COOH), etc.
III. Determination of empirical and molecular formulae and molecular structures of organic compounds.
 Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes:
(a) General Characteristics. (b) General molecular formulae. (c) Nomenclature of the first ten members of alkanes and their
isomers. (d) Sources. (e) Preparation of a named example. (f) Physical and chemical properties. (g) Uses. (h) Refining of petroleum and uses.
 Benzene.
(a) Structure.
(b) Physical and chemical properties.
 Alkanols:
 a) Sources, nomenclature and structure.
 b) Classification, physical and chemical properties.
 c) Laboratory tests.
 d)
VII. Alkanoic Acids:
 a) Sources, nomenclature and structure.
 b) Physical and chemical properties.
 c) Laboratory test
 d)
VIII. Alkanoates as derivatives of alkanoic acids:
 a) Sources, nomenclature and structure.
 b) Physical and chemical properties.
 Fats and oils:
 a) Sources
 b) Physical and chemical properties.
 Amino acids:
 a) Sources.
 b) Physical and chemical properties.
CHE 023 ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (3 CREDITS)
An introduction to the tetravalency of carbon, the general formula, IUPAC nomenclature and the determination of empirical formula of each class of the organic compounds mentioned below:
 a) Aliphatic hydrocarbons
 Alkanes: Homologous series in relation to physical properties, substitution reaction and a few examples and uses of halogenated products. Isomerism: structural only (examples on isomerism should not go beyond six carbon atoms).
Petroleum: Composition, Fractional distillation and major products; cracking and reforming, petrochemicals – starting materials of organic syntheses, quality of petrol and meaning of octane number.
 Alkenes
Isomerism: structural and geometric Isomerism, additional and Polymerization reactions, polythene and synthetic rubber as examples of products of polymerization and its use in vulcanization.
iii. Alkynes
Ethyne: production form action of water on carbides, simple reactions and properties of ethyne.
 Aromatic hydrocarbons e.g. benzene – Structure, properties and uses.
 Alkanols: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary production of ethanol by fermentation and form petroleum byproducts. Local examples of fermentation and distillation, e.g. Gin from palm wine and other local sources and glycerol as a polyhydric alkanol. Reactions of OH group – oxidation as a distinguishing test between primary, secondary and tertiary alkanols.
 Alakanals and alkanones: chemical test to distinguish between Alakanals and alkanones.
 Alkanoic acids: Chemical reactions; neutralization and Esterification, ethanedioic (oxalic) acid as an example of a dicarboxylic acid and benzene carboxylic acid as an example of an aromatic acid.
 Alkanoates: Formation from alkanoic acids and Alkanols – fats and oils as alkanoates saponification: Production of soap and margarine from Alkanoates and distinction between Detergents and soaps.
 Amines (Alkanamines) Primary, Secondary and tertiary
 Carbohydrates: classification – mono, di and polysaccharides, composition, chemical tests for simple sugars and reaction with concentrated tetraoxosulphate (VI) Acid. Hydrolysis of Complex sugar e.g. cellulose form cotton and starch cassava, the uses of sugar and starch in the production of alcoholic beverage, pharmaceuticals and textiles.
 Giant molecules e.g. proteins, enzymes, Natural rubbers and polymers.
Note: Use the current JAMB Syllabuses for Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination as a further document for enriching the content of the curriculum
Courses Offered Under PreNCE Health Education
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
HED 011 
Growth and Development I 
3 
C 
HED 012 
Growth and Development II 
3 
C 
HED 013 
Beverages, food preparation and Physical Health 
1 
C 
HED 014 
Personal Health I 
1 


TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

HED 021 
Introduction to Disease and Control 
3 
C 
HED 022 
First Aid and Safety Education 
1 
C 
HED 023 
Introduction to community Environmental, family and Personal health Education 
3 
C 
HED 024 
Personal Health II 
1 
C 
PreNCE Health Education
COURSE DESCRIPTION
FIRST SEMESTER
HED 011 GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT I (3CREDITS) C
 Definition of Growth and Development
 Cell (a) Types of Cell (i) Somatic cells (ii) Sex cells (b) Cell Division (i) Mitosis (ii) Meiosis (c) Cell Differentiation: Formation of tissues, organs and systems.
III Reproduction (a) Structures and functions of male and female reproductive organs (b) Conception: pregnancy, foetal development and childbirth (c) Disorders of reproductive system.
 Nutrition (a) Classes, sources and functions of food nutrients (b) Calorific value of food nutrient (c) Balanced diet (d) Water:— The role of water in relation to nutrition should be stressed (c) Organs of the digestive system and heir functions (f) Type, structure, and functions of the teeth (g) Process of digestion (h) Absorption, assimilation and metabolism (I) Disorders of the digestive system and their prevention.
 Respiratory System (a) Structure and functions of the respiratory system (b) Process of respiration (i) Mechanism of breathing (ii) Gaseous exchange (iii) Tissue/Cellular respiration (c) Disorders of respiratory system and their control
 Circulatory System (a) Structure and functions of the circulatory system (i) Heart (ii) Blood and lymph vessels (b) Composition of blood and lymph (c) (i) Blood and lymph circulation (ii) Process of blood clotting (d) Blood groups, rhesus factor, haemoglobin genotype (e) Disorders of the circulatory system and their causes: sickle cell
anaemia, leukemia, haemophilia, arteriosclerosis, hypertension,
coronary thrombosis and stroke.
HED 012 GROWTHS AND DEVELOPMENT II (3 CREDITS) C
 Excretion (a) Structures and functions of the kidney and skin (b) Process of urine formation
 Skeletal System and Muscles (a) The general plan of the axial and appendicular skeleton (b) Functions of the skeletal system (c) Joints: Structure and types
(d) Principles of levers (e) Structure and types of muscle tissues (f) Movement
III. Posture and Postural Defects (a) Characteristics of correct posture in sitting, standing,
walking and lifting (b) Determinants of correct postures (c) Types of postural defects: flat foot, scoliosis, kyphosis and
lordosis (d) Effects of incorrect posture on physical appearance,
position and functioning of body organs.
 Nervous System (a) Structure and functions of the components of the nervous
system (b) Voluntary and involuntary actions (c) Disorders of the nervous system
 Sense Organs (a) Structures and functions of the following sense organs: eye,
tongue, ear, nose, and skin.
(b) Eye defects and their corrections: myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism. presbyopia, squint (cross – eye).
(c) Auditory defects (i) Conductive impairment (ii) Neurosensory impairment
(d) Disorders of the skin
(e) Care of the eye, ear and skin.
 Endocrine System
Location of the different endocrine glands, the hormones produced and their functions. Use charts/models to study the location of the glands. Emphasis on the effects of overand undersecretion of hormones.
HED 013 BEVERAGES, FOOD PREPARATION AND PHYSICAL HEALTH
(1Credit)C
 Beverages Types and effects of alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages (treat negative and positive effects)
 Food Preparation (a) Principles of food hygiene: food handling, cleaning of cooking
utensils and surroundings and effects of poor food hygiene to be
stressed. (b) Effects of methods of food preparation on their nutrients,
washing, boiling, frying, baking and roasting.
III. Food Preservation
Methods of food preservation: (i) Smoking/drying/dehydration; (ii) Freezing/refrigeration addition of chemicals/sugar/salt, bottling/pickling/canning. (iii) Process, advantages and disadvantages of each method
to be discussed.
 Physical Health (a) Body Forms: Ectomorph, rnesomorph, endomorph (b) Maintenance of health (c) Personal hygiene (d) Homeostasis
Physiological factors affecting homeostasis – Body temperature, blood sugar level, water balance, electrolyte balance, pH and blood pressure are to be highlighted. Students should test urine for pH with litmus paper and also count pulse rate. Treat positive and negative feedback control system.
HED 014 PERSONAL HEALTH I (1CREDIT) C
 Concept of personal Health and Scope
 Choice of personal wear
iii. Cleanliness and Storage
 Hygiene of sleeping areas, living rooms, toilets and bathrooms.
 Hygiene of kitchen, dining and utensils.
PreNCE Health Education
SECOND SEMESTER
HED O21 INTRODUCTION TO DISEASE AND CONTROL (3 Credits) C
 Communicable Diseases
(a) Meaning of the terms endemic, epidemic and pandemic stages of the
Diseases
(b) Factors necessary for communicable diseases to occur:
 Causative agent
 Susceptible host
iii. Transmission route
 Bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, rickettsia and worms
 II. Principles of prevention and control of the diseases – g. immunization, sterilization, isolation.
III. Classification to communicable disease – each disease to be discussed under the headings: causative agent, mode of transmission, signs and symptoms, prevention and control.
(a) Airborne diseases: Common cold, measles, whooping cough, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis and cerebrospinal meningitis.
(b) Water/Foodborne diseases: dysentery, cholera, typhoid, fever and schistosomiasis.
(c) Insectborne disease: malaria, yellow fever (jaundis), trypanosomiasis and filariasis.
(d) Worm – infestation
 Ascaris lumbricoides (round worms)
 Taenia solium (tape worm)
 Ancylotoma duodenale (hook worm)
 Dracunculus medinensis (guinea worm)
 Animalborne diseases e.g. rabies etc.
 Contact disease: gonorrhea, syphilis, Tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), Tinea capitis (ringworm), leprosy, scabies and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS).
 NonCommunicable Diseases
Types of noncommunicable disease – each disease to be discussed under the headings: cause, symptoms, prevention/control where applicable, diabetes mellitus, sickle cell anaemia etc.
 Epidemic Situations
 Pioneers in Health Science
(a) African pioneers: Lambo, Omololu Ogunlesi, Oluwole Odeku, Nichol, Konotey – Abulu, AdeniyiJones.
(b) NonAfrican pioneers: Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Jenner, Lister, Koch, Hopkins, Fleming, Harvey, Ross and Manson.
HED 022 FIRST AID AND SAFETY EDUCATION (1 Credit) C
 First Aid
(a) Aims and principles of First Aid
(b) First Aid Kit
(c) Specific emergency conditions: cuts/wounds, bleeding, dislocation, fractures, burns, scalds, shocks, asphyxia/suffocation, poisoning.
 Safety Education
(a) Types and causes of accident in relation to location e.g. home, road, schools market, industries etc.
(b) Factors causing accidents e.g. fire
(c) Safety education – safety principles and measures of various types of accidents.
(d) Disasters: types of disasters, prevention and relief measures.
HED 023 INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNITY, ENVIRONMENTAL, FAMILY AND PERSONAL HEALTH EDUCATION (3 CREDITS) C
 Community Health
(a) Family health programme: role of orthodox and traditional health services; maternal health and child health progammes.
(b) School health services – different health services to be provided by the school should be treated.
 Environmental Health
(a) Water supply
(b) Disposal of waste
 i) Refuse disposal
 ii) Sewage disposal
(c) Housing
Criteria for good housing and effects of substandard housing on health.
III. Problems of Environmental Health
(a) Pollution – cause and prevention of different types of pollution and effects on health.
(b) Poor sanitation effects and effects of pest infestation in homes.
 Public Health Agencies
(a) National health agencies and their role in providing health services
(b) International health agencies – role and functions of World Health Organisation, Internatinal Red Cross and UNICEF.
 Industrial Health Services
Need for health care and rehabilitation
 Occupational Hazards
Need for health insurance scheme
VII. Vital Statistics
(a) Birth rate
(b) Mortality rate
(c) Morbidity rate and statistics
Use of health records to be stressed
VIII. Family Life and Sex Education
(a) Sex Education
(i) The family – characteristics of a happy family and the role of each member and factors influencing family life to be stressed
(ii) Family types – monogamous, polygamous, single parent, nuclear and extended family.
(iii) Family Problems – social and emotional causes to be stressed
(iv) Family Planning – meaning and need for family planning: Sources of family planning services should be treated.
(v) Contraceptive techniques – relative reliability, advantages and disadvantages of each technique.
 Emotional and Mental Health
(a) Attributes of emotional health
(b) Personality defence mechanism
(c) Mental illness
 Chemical Substances that Alter Behaviour
(a) Tobacco
(i) Component
(ii) Effects of smoking on health
(b) Drugs
(i) Types of drugs
(ii) Drug abuse – effects of drug abuse’ consequences of selfdiagnosis and selfmedication and prevention of drug abuse to be stressed.
(c) Alcohol: Effects of alcohol on health – reasons for drinking alcohol and methods of controlling drinking to be stressed.
 Healthful Consumer Habits
(a) Consumer health products and services – the importance of checking label and expiry dates on products before purchase and dangers of quacks and quackery to be highlighted.
(b) Factors influencing choice of consumer product – the role of diagnostic and dispensing services to be stressed.
HED 024 PERSONAL HEALTH II (1 CREDIT) C
 Method of Handling food, its preparation and storage
 Hygiene of the environment
iii. Relationship of hygiene to health
 Application of personal hygiene
Pre Physical Education
Courses Offered Under PrePhysical Education
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
PED 011 
Foundation of Physical Education 
2 
C 
PED 012 
History and Development of Physical Education 
2 
C 
PED 013 
Introductory human anatomy, physiology, exercises, nutrition and first aid 
2 
C 
PED 014 
Physical Education Practicals I 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second semester 

ED 021 
Theory and Practice of Athletics 
3 
C 
PED 022 
physical Education, sports and society 
3 
C 
PED 023 
Physical Education practices II 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
PreNCE Physical Education
FIRST SEMESTER
PED 011 FOUNDATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION (2 CREDITS) C
(i) Sociological and Psychological Foundations of Physical Education (ii) Principles and Philosophy of Physical Education (iii) Physical Fitness (iv) Health and Personal Hygiene Importance of health in P.E (a) Care of the body (b) Sports’ wears
(v) Recreation (a) Definition and importance (b) Types of recreation: (i) Indoor
(ii) Outdoor
(vi) Recreational activities: Walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, playing musical instruments and dancing, table tennis, camping etc. (vii) Difference between recreational activities and life time sports (viii) Competitive Sports (a) Types of Competitive Sports: Intramural activities (b) Extramural activities (c) Athletics/Sports
(ix) Corrective and Adaptive Programme Types of physical handicap Remedial Exercises Social and Emotional problems of the handicapped. (x) Concept of the whole man
PED 012 HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
(2 CREDITS) C
 Historical Background (a) Changes in concept of P.E (b) Sports and Culture (c) Development of P.E and Sports in Nigeria and West Africa
(d) Contribution of the pioneers of P.E and Sports in West Africa
 The Greek Gaines and Modern Olympics (a) Greek Festivals: (b) Isthmian, Pythian and Nemean (c) Olympic Games’ (d) The Modem Olympic Games
III. National and International Competitions
(i) National Championship and Sports Festivals (a) Types of National Championships: (i) Championships organized by different sports associations; (ii) Championships organized by National Schools Sports Federation
(NSSF). (b) National Sports Festival (c) Institutional Sports Festival (d) Africa Games
(e) Evolution of Africa Games: (i) Baron Pierre de Coubcrtins’s contribution (1925 – 29); (ii) First All Africa Games in Congo Brazaville (1965); (iii) Second All Africa Games in Lagos, Nigeria(1973); (iv) Third All Africa Games, in Algiers, Algeria(1978). (f) International Sports Governing Bodies: Supreme Council for Sports in Africa (SCSA); ECO WAS Games; WAUG, FASU, FISU, IOC, FIFA. IAAF, FIBA, MBA, FIVB, FIG, WAFU, IHF, FINA etc.
NB: The headquarter membership and functions of SCSA and membership, structure and functions of the other governing bodies should be treated.
(i) World Secondary Schools Soccer Competition
(ii) International Schools Sports Federation (ISSF) * their importance should be treated.
PED 013 INTRODUCTORY HUMAN ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, EXERCISES,
NUTRITION AND FIRST AID (2 CREDITS) C
 Skeletal System (a) Main parts and functions of the human skeleton (b) Bones and joints involved in movement
 Muscles (a) Major muscles of the body (b) Muscle contractions (Isometric and isotonic contractions)
III. Somatotype: Endomorphy. Mesomorphy and ectomorphy
 Posture (a) Good Posture (b) Postural Defects: Kvphosis. Scoliosis. Lordosis and Flat foot
 Nervous System the brain, spinal cord, nerves and their functions
 Circulatory System
(a) The heart: Structure and function (discuss the behaviour of heart before and after physical exercise).
(b) The blood vessels: veins and arteries: systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Differences between pulmonary vein and pulmonary artery in relation to oxygenated and deoxygenated blood should be emphasized.
(c) Pulse rate: Effect of exercise on pulse rate.
VII. Respiratory System (a) Respiratory organs Internal and External Respiration (b) Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration i.e. mechanism of respiration.
VIII. Hormones: Adrenalin – Discuss effects of under secretion and over secretion: students should be able to state the effects of changes in normal level during exercise.
 Excretory system: (a) Structure and functions of kidney (b) Process of urine formation X. Nutrition (a) Balanced and unbalanced diets (b) Dietary consideration (c) Pregame Nutrition
 Basic Principles of First Aid
(a) Sports injuries: bleeding, sprain, dislocation, strains, fracture, bruises, cramps and muscle pull.
(b) First Aid and First Aid Box
(c) Special conditions and situations that require First Aid: Heat stroke, heat exhaustion, drowning, shock, fainting, muscle fatigue.
(d) Artificial Respiration
(e) Safety precautions.
PED 014 PHYSICAL EDUCATION PRACTICAL I (2 CREDITS) C
6 hours of practical works made up of three 2 hour sessions per week to cover topics in courses PED 011 and PED13.
SECOND SEMESTER
PED 021 THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ATHLETICS (3 CREDITS) C
 Principles of lever system as applied to movement: first, second and third order levers – students should be able to define and describe the simple laws governing the mechanics of motion and be able to give specific examples of movements where these laws are applicable.
 Principles involved in: Gravity, work, velocity, balance, angle of trajectory.
III. Application of the principles (inland II above) to game situations.
 Theory and practice of Athletics: Track and Field Events (a) Track Events
 i) Short distance races (sprints) – start, race and finish; sprint start: bullet/bunch, medium and elongated.
 ii) Relay races: visual and nonvisual types of baton takeover and takeover zone.
iii) Hurdling events (high and low). Middle (800m, l,500m) and long (3000m and above) distance races: phases of running and strategies. rules and regulations, and officiating.
(b) Field Events
(i) Throwing Events: discus, javelin and shot put (techniques and rules involved in these events).
(ii) Jumps: High jump. Long jump. Triple jump and Pole vault: equipment and specifications, techniques. rules and regulations, officiating.
VII. Theory and Practice of Games
Ball games:— basketball, handball, soccer, volleyball, hockey – specifications of courts and pitches, types of equipment used, skills involved in each game, team formations and playing strategies, functions of the various formations of the games, rules and regulations of each game, Officiating
Racket Games:_ table tennis, tennis, Badminton – specification of Courts of all the games, types of equipment, basic skills involved in each game, tactics and strategies, rules and regulations officiating.
VIII. Theory and Practice of Educational/Traditional Gymnastics
(i) Mat work: Hand Spring and head spring combinations e.g. Fly spring followed by forward roll, backward roll followed by head spring, flip flap and Arab spring, back spring, front and back somersault, neck spring.
(ii) Box and Buck work: Astride vaults, through vaults, neck Spring astride vaults, long arm over swing, forward roll followed by short arm over Swing.
PED 022 PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORTS AND SOCIETY (3 CREDITS) C (I) Sports and Society
(a) Unity through sports – essence of team work, leadership and Cooperation in sports and games.
(b) Sports and Politics – national and international Sports participation and their promotion of understanding, nationalism and patriotism
(c) Violence in Sports: (1) Causes of violence: poor officiating, poor sportsmanship, unbridled fanaticism, nationalism, ignorance of rules.
(2) Prevention of violence
(d) Crowd Control Methods of Crowd Control: Provision of Spectator barriers, presence of law enforcement agents: appropriate information flow.
(11) Feminity and Sports (a) Feminity and participation in sports (b) Reproduction in women and sports (c) Sex and its effect on performance in sports
(III) Drug Education
(f) Classification of drugs: Stimulants, narcotics hallucinogen sedatives; Ergogenic aids should be emphasized.
(g) Effects of drugs on performance in sports – Drug abuse and drug tests in sports competition should be treated.
PED 023 PHYSICAL EDUCATION PRACTICAL II (2 CREDITS)
The practical works are to cover mainly topics in PED 021 and 022 and also topics in courses PED 011 to 013 not yet covered in PED 014.
Courses Offered Under PreMathematics
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
MAT 011 
Number & Numeration 
2 
C 
MAT 012 
Algebraic Processes 
2 
C 
MAT 013 
Pure Mathematics I 
2 
C 
MAT 014 
Pure Mathematics II 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

MAT 021 
Menstruation, Plane Geometry & Trigonometry 
2 
C 
MAT 022 
Statistics, Probability & Calculus 
2 
C 
MAT 023 
Mechanics 
2 
C 
MAT 024 
Statistics 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

COURSE DESCRIPTION
FIRST SEMESTER
MAT 011 NUMBER AND NUMERATION (2 CREDITS) C
 Number bases: Binary numbers, conversion from base 2 to base 10 and vice versa; other number bases e.g. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 etc
 Fractions, Decimals and Approximations.
 Indices: Laws of indices and numbers in standard forms
 Logarithms: Relationship between indices and logarithms e.g.
y = 10k k = log10y; Basic rules of logarithms i.e. log10 (Pq)
= log10 P + log10 q; log10 pq = log10 P‐ log10 q;
Log10 + Pn = n log10 P
 Use of Tables of Logarithms; Base 10 Logarithm and Antilogarithm tables.
 Surds: Simplification and Rationalization of simple surds
 Sequences: A.Ps. and G.Ps.
 Sets: Idea of sets, universal set, finite and infinite sets, subsets, empty sets and disjoint sets, idea of and notation for union, intersection and complement of sets.
 Positive and Negative integers; Rational numbers, the Four basic operations on rational numbers; the number line.
 Ratio, Proportion, Rates and Taxes.
 Variation: Direct, inverse Partial and Joint variations.
 Percentages: Simple interest, commission, discount, depreciation. Profit and loss, compound interest and hire purchase.
MAT 012 ALGEBRAIC PROCESSES (2CREDITS) C
 Algebraic expressions: Expression of statements in symbols;
 Formulating algebraic expression from given situations; Evaluation of algebraic expressions.
 Simple operations on algebraic expressions: Expansion and factorization
 Solution of linear equations: Linear equations in one variable; simultaneous linear equations in two variables.
 Change of subject of a formula and relation:
 Quadratic Equations: Solutions of quadratic equations; Formation of quadratic equations with given roots; Application of solution of quadratic equations in practical problems.
 Graphs of linear and quadratic functions: Interpretation of graphs, coordinate points, table of values; Drawing quadratic graphs and obtaining roots from graphs; Graphical solution of pairs of equations of the form y = ax2 + b x + c and y = m x + k. Drawing quadratic equation graphs and obtaining roots from graphs; Drawing tangents to curves to determine gradient at a given point.
 Linear Inequalities: Solution of linear inequalities in one variable and representation on the number line. Graphical solution to linear Inequalities in two variables.
 Algebraic fractions: Operations on algebraic fractions:
(a) with monomial denominators (simple case only), e.g.
1x + 1y = x+yxy (x≠0 and y ≠0)
1x−b+ 1x−a− 2x−a−(x−a)(x−a), a, b are constants and x ≠ a or b
Values for which a fraction is not defined e.g. is not defined for x = 3
 Rational Functions: Dividing a polynomial of degree not greater than 3 by a polynomial of lesser degree. Simple partial fractions with denominators of degree not greater than 3.
 Binary Operations: Properties of closure, commutativity, associativity and distributivity,. Identity and inverse elements.
MATH 013 PURE MATHEMATICS (2 Credits) C
 Operations
 Binary operations – Properties
– Closure
– Commutativity
– Associativity
– Distributivity
 The idea of
– Identity elements
– Inverse elements.
 IDENTIFICATION AND MENSURATION IN `2’ AND `3’ DIMENSIONS
 Length of arcs of circles. Perimeters of sectors and segments. Lengths of chords Angles measured in radians.
– Areas of sectors and segments of a circle
– Relationship between the sector of a circle and the surface area of a cone.
 Surface area and volume of cube, cuboids, cylinder, cone and composite shapes.
– The surface area and volume of a sphere
– The earth as a sphere
– Distance and longitudes
 Identification 3 dimensions of
– Perpendicular and places
– Perpendicular sand planes
– Angle between as the plane
– Angle between the plane
 RECTANGULAR CARTESIAN COORDINATES
– Midpoint of a line segment
– Gradient of a straight line
– Conditions for parallel and perpendicular lines
– Distance between 2 points
 Equation of a line in various forms
– Intercept
– Gradient
– General Cartesian
– Perpendicular distance
 Angles between two straight lines
 Conic section
– Equation of a circle
– Equation of a parabola
– Equation of a hyperbola
– Equation of an ellipse
 TRIGONOMETRY
– Sine cosine and tangent of acute angles
– Trigonometric ratios of angles 300, 450, 600
– Area of triangle using trigonometric ratios
– Graphs of sine and cosine of angles for 00 < x > 3600
– Sine rule and cosine rule
– Application to solution of triangles
– Bearing: Distances between objects of points and Angles of elevation and depression
 INDICES, LOGARITHMS AND SURDS
– Laws of indices
 Theory of logarithms
 Relationship between indices and logarithms
 Use of logarithm tables in calculations
 Change of base in logarithm
– Surds of the form a and a √b
√b
Where a is rational and b is a positive integer
The term of a sequence
 ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS
 Solution of quadratic equation using
– Factorization
– Completing the square
– Formula
– Symmetric properties of the roots
a + β = b and α β = c
a a
– Theory of quadratic equation
– Graphical methods
 Solution of 2 simultaneous equations where one is linear and the other is quadratic.
 POYNOMIALS
– Addition, subtraction and multiplication of polynomials
– Factor theorem and remainder theorem
– Zeros of a polynomial
– Division of polynomial of degree not exceeding 4 by a polynomial of lesser degree
– Curve sketching
MATH 014 PURE MATHEMATICS II (2 Credits) C
 PARTIAL FRACTIONS
Resolution of rational functions into partial fractions for the following cases.
– Distinct linear factors in the denominator
– Repeated linear factors in the denominator
– Irreducible quadratic expression.
 LINEAR INEQUALITIES
– Graphical solution of simultaneous linear inequalities in two variables
– Analytical solution of simultaneous linear and quadratic inequalities
– Inequalities involving absolute values.
 LOGIC
– Simple true and false statements
– Negation, converse and contrapositive of statements
– Antecedents and consequents of statements
– Compound statements
– Connectives for statements including symbols
– Conditional statements.
 GEOMETRY
 Construction of
– An angle equal to a given angle
– A line segment divided into a given number of equal parts
– Triangle and quadrilaterals satisfying certain conditions
 Relationship between construction and loci
 Knowledge of the following loci
– Locus of points equidistant from two lines
– Locus of points equidistant from two points
– Locus of points at certain distance from a point
 Construction of
– Tangent to a circle from an external point
– Constant angle locus
– Construction of locus of point P such as circumcircles, inscribed circles and scribed circles.
 PLANE GEOMETRY
 Deductive proofs of
– Angle sum of a triangle
– Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parapets are equal in area
 Application of skills in deductive reasoning in providing the following riders in Euclidean geometry.
– Angles at a point
– Angles on parallel lines
– Intercept theorem
– Angles in a polygon
– Extractor angles
– Congruent triangles
– Properties of parallelograms
– Areas of triangles and parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallel lines are equal
– Similar triangles.
 Deductive proofs of
– The angle which an arc subtends at the centre is twice the angle which it subtends at the remaining part of the circumference
– Angles on the same segment are equal
 Proofs of the following riders on Euclidean geometry with respect to circles
– angles subtended by chords in a circle
– angles subtended by a chord at the centre
– Perpendicular bisectors of chords
– Rectangular property of chords
– Angle between a tangent and a chord
– Two tangents from a point to a circle
– Common tangents to two circles.
 DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION
– Derivative as a rate of change
– Differentiation from first principle
 Differentiation of implicit algebraic circular trigonometric and logarithmic functions
 Differentiation of exponential functions
– Determination of second derivatives
– Differentiation of a function of function.
 Concept of minimum and maximum of a function
– Integration as the reverse of differentiation
– Indefinite integrals solution by:
° Substitution
° Resolution of rational function into partial fractions
° Parts
– Definite integral
– Application of definite integral
 SETS
– Idea of a set defined by a property of set notations and their meaning
– Disjoint sets universal set Venn diagrams and complement of sets.
– Use of sets and venn diagrams to solve problems
– Commutative and associative laws
– Commutative associative and distributive properties of union and intersection of sets
 MAPPING
– Domain and codomain
– Differences between mappings and functions
– Image of mappings and their range.
SECOND SEMESTER
MAT 021 MENSURATION, PLANE GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY (2Credits) C
 Mensuration
– Lengths and Perimeters: Use of Pythagoras theorem, Sine and Cosine Rules to determine lengths and distances; lengths of arcs of circles; perimeters of sectors and segments; latitudes and longitudes
– Areas: Triangles and special quadrilaterals – rectangles, parallelograms and trapezia, circles, sectors and segments of circles; surface areas of cube, cuboid, cylinder, right triangular prism cone and sphere.
– Volumes: Volumes of cubes, cuboids, cylinders, cones, frustrums, right pyramids and spheres. Volumes of similar solids of compound shapes.
 Plane Geometry
– Angles at a point : Angles at a point add up to 3600, adjacent, acute, obtuse, reflex, supplementary and vertically opposite angles.
– Angles and intercepts on parallel lines: Alternate and corresponding angles.
– Intersecting lines, parallel lines and intercept theorem.
– Triangles and other polygons – sum of angles and exterior angles of a triangle; congruent triangles; properties of special triangles isosceles, scalene, equilateral, rightangled, use of symmetry where applicable; properties of special quadrilaterals parallelograms; rhombus, rectangle, square, trapezium; properties of similar triangles; sum of angles of a polygon; properties of exterior angles of a polygon; parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels.
– Circles
Chords; Angles subtended by an arc at the centre of a circle and at any other point on the remaining part of the circumference of the circle. Angle subtended by a diameter at the circumference of a circle. Angles in the same segment, Angles in opposite segments: cyclic quadrilateral angles in the alternate segments; perpendicularity of tangent and radius.
– (f) Construction
Bisectors of angles and line segments.
Line parallel or perpendicular to a given line
Angles 90°, 600. 45°. 30° copying a given angle. Triangles and
quadrilaterals from sufficient data.
– Loci
Loci m 2 dimensions based on geometric principles relating to parallel lines. perpendicular bisectors, angles bisectors and arcs of circles.
– Knowledge of the loci listed below and their intersections in 2 dimensions:

 a) points at a given distance from a point
 b) points equidistant from two given points
 c) points equidistant from two given straight lines (consider parallel and intersecting lines).
 d) points at a given distance from a given straight line
Coordinate Geometry
Midpoint of a line segment; Gradient of a line, distance between two points, conditions for lines to be parallel or perpendicular, Equation of a line in the intercept, gradient and general Catesian forms.
Trigonometry – Trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent of an angle between 0° and 3600; sine, cosine and tangent of an acute angle; use of tables; trig, ratios of angles 300, 45°. 60° without use of tables; Graphs of sine cosine and tanget including application to minimum and maximum for 00 < x < 3600 – Applications to angles of elevation and depression, bearing, area and solutions of a triangle, using the sine and cosine formulae/rules. MAT 022 STATISTICS, PROBABILITY AND DIFFERENTIATION (2 Credits) C
 Statistics
– Representation of data;
— frequency distribution, histogram. Barcharts and piecharts;
– Measures of Location;
— mean, median and mode for both ungrouped and grouped data. Cumulative frequency curve, median, quartiles, and percentiles.
– Measures of dispersion – range, interquartile range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation
 Probability
– Permutations and Combinations
– Experimental and theoretical probability: Including equally likely events e.g. probability of throwing a six with a fair die, or a head “.hen tossing a fair coin: use simple sample spaces.
– Addition of probabilities for mutually exclusive and independent events: USC simple sample spaces.
– Multiplication of probabilities for independent e ents: use simple sample spaces
 Differentiation
– Differentiation of simple explicit algebraic and trigonometric functions
MAT 023 Mechanics (2Credits) C · VECTORS
– Definition of a scalar
– Definition of a vector § Operations on vectors equality, addition, subtraction and scalar multiplication § Properties of vectors
– Commutative
– Associative
– Distributive § Parallelogram law of vectors § Resolution of vectors § Position vectors § Composition of vectors § Scalar (dot) product and its application
 DYNAMIC
– Definition of displacement velocity, speed, distance, time and acceleration
– Composition of: Constant velocities and variable velocities Relative Velocity
– Equations of motion § Concepts of mass particle and momentum
– Newton’s laws of motion
– Conservation of linear momentum § One to one onto identity and constant mappings § Composition of mapping
 FUNCTIONS
– Inverse of a function
– Circular function
 MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
– Addition of matrices – Scalar multiplication of matrices
– Multiplication of matrices.
o Determinant as area and volume in `2’ and `3’ dimensions respectively
o Application of determinant to areas of triangles and solution to simultaneous linear equations of unknown
 CALCULATING AND PROCESSING DEVICES
– Calculating devices such as abacus slide rule pocket and desk calculators’ computers and mini. Computers. – Components of the calculating devices
– Number system binary, octal decimal and hexadecimal number systems
– Computer languages programming and simple flow charting
 STATICS
– Freely failing bodies under gravity, projectiles in one and two dimensions, vertical and horizontal projections only§ General concepts of statics include forces which are of common occurrence e.g.
– Resolution of forces – Gravitational forces
– Composition of forces. § Problems involving resolution and composition of forces
– Reaction and surface friction
– moment and equilibrium of forces.
– Lami’s theorem
– Application of Lami’s theorem.
MAT 024 STATISTICS (2 Credits)
 GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF DATA
– Frequency distribution tables – Cumulative frequency tables
– Histogram
– Analysis of data diagram on histogram
– Frequency curves and gives for groped data of equal and unequal intervals
 MEASURES OF LOCATION
Measures of central tendency mean, mode quarter and percentiles
 MEASURES OF DISPERSION
Determination of
– Range inter quartile mage and semi interquaritive range from agile
– Mean deviation variance and standard deviation
 CORRELATION
– Meaning of correlation
– Scatter diagrams
– Types of correlation from scatter diagrams positive negative and zero of correlations
– Identification of types of correlation
– Ranking of distribution without ties
– Rank correlation confinement (spearman’s)
– Degree of correlation and possibility of prediction
PROBABILITY
– Meaning of probability
– Relative frequency
– Calculation of probability using simple sample spaces
– Addition and multiplication of probabilities
 PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS
– Meaning of permutation
– Meaning of combination
– Differences between permutation and combination
– Application of permutation and combination to solution of problems
 PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
§ Binomial Distribution
§ Properties of normal distribution
§ Bell shaped
§ Symmetrical
§ Mean is on the axis of symmetry
§ Continues from negative infinity to positive infinity
§ Standard scores
§ Interpretation of area under the standard normal curve
§ One to one identity and constant mappings
§ Composition of mappings
 FUNCTIONS
– Inverse of a function
– Circular function
 MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
– Addition of matrices
– Scalar multiplication of matries
– Multiplication of matries
– Determinant as area and volume in `2’ and `3’ dimensions respectively
– Application of determinant to areas of triangles and solution to simultaneous lineal equations of 3 unknown.
 CALCULATING AND PROCESSING DEVICES
– Calculating devices such as abacus slide rule, pocket and desk calculators’ computers and mini computers.
– Components of the calculating devices
– Number system Binary, octal, decimal and hexadecimal number systems
– Computer languages programming and simple flow charting.
PreNCE Physics
Courses Offered Under PreNCE Physics
First Semester 

Code 
Course Title 
Credits 
Status 
Phy 011 
Measurements, mechanics and properties of matter 1 
2 
C 
Phy 012 
Waves 
2 
C 
Phy 013 
Heat 
2 
C 
Phy 014 
Practical physics 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 

Second Semester 

Phy 021 
Mechanics and properties of matter II 
2 
C 
Phy 022 
Electrostatics and Electricity 
2 
C 
Phy 023 
Magnetism and Electromagnetic 
2 
C 
Phy 024 
Practical physics II 
2 
C 

TOTAL 
8 